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On the Cover 



Our artist depicts two pioneers 
who stopped to chat on the path to 
Fort Hawkins, a hilltop military in- 
stallation overlooking a wilderness 
which was later to become Macon. 
The old log fort, which signaled the 



beginning of the little river port 
that has grown into one of Georgia' s 
principal cities, has been re-created 
in stone and concrete and the pic- 
turesque replica now serves as one 
of Macon's most popular tourist at- 
tractions. 



WM\ heart of Georg 

lv Howard F. Hennptt ^ * 



iy Howard E. Bennett 





1|he many magnificent white- 
1 columned homes that survive 
' in Macon and surrounding 
towns attest to Middle Georgia's 
dependence on the forests for 
superior building materials dur- 
ing its early history. 

And even today, the wood frames 
going up in the area's sprawling resi- 
dential suburbs suggest that ma- 
sonry, metals and plastics have 
failed to convince architects and 
engineers that the versatility, dura- 
bility and beauty of lumber can be 
surpassed as the basic material for 
house construction. 

But the anti-bellum mansion and 
the modern ranch type dwelling are 
but slight hints of the tremendous 
contributions forests have made and 
are making in the welfare and general 
economy of this section of Georgia. 
Macon's first construction was 
Fort Hawkins, fashioned from logs 
cut from die surrounding virgin pine 
forests and perched on a hill over- 
looking the Ocmulgee River. A few 
years after the fortification was 
built in 1806 to provide protection 



against the Indians, two brothers 
from North Carolina established a 
boat building works - Macon's first 
industry - on the banks of a river. 
The tall timbers were also their 
source of raw material. 

Today, a WPA-constructed replica 
of the old fort is a popular tourist 
attraction and the dense forests have 
been replaced with one of Georgia's 
largest cities. 

But Macon still depends on the re- 
maining forests throughout a wide 
area for the materials to keep the 
wheels turning in many of its largest 
industries — industries which turn 
out a never-ending stream of paper, 
fiberboard, corrugated boxes, crates 
and other material. 

Among the largest enterprises is 
the Macon plant of the Armstrong 
Cork Company. Beginning opera- 
tions in 1948 with 231 employees, 
production has more than doubled 
with several plant expansions and 
today 950 workers earn a total of 
$5,000,000 annually. 

Already one of the largest fiber- 
board producing plants in the world. 



company officials recently announced 
plans for still another plant expan- 
sion. 

The sprawling plant, which manu- 
factures acoustical ceiling tile, 
sheathing, roof insulation and backer- 
board for aluminum siding, shingles 
and shakes, maintains approximately 
65,000 acres of woodlands within a 
75 mile radius of Macon to assure a 
supply of reserve pulpwood. 

Nevertheless, more than 30,000 
truckloads of pulpwood — totaling 
nearly $2,400,000 -- are purchased 
annually from local suppliers. 

Another wood-using industrial 
giant is Georgia Kraft Company. 
The plant on the outskirts of Macon 
requires the services of 600 persons 
who transform pulpwood into an end- 
less stream of kraft containerboard, 
a heavy paper principally used in 
the construction of cardboard boxes. 

The plant, which was built in the 
spring of 1948, also pumps a 
$5,000,000 annual payroll into the 
Middle Georgia economy. Georgia 
Kraft at Macon buys $8,225,000 
wordi of raw materials each year. 

Officials points out that water, 
climate, available labor and expand- 
ing nearby markets were important 
factors in building the big mill just 
south of Macon, but they said these 
considerations were secondary to 
the availability of Soudiern pine 
throughout this area of Georgia. 

Besides these two large industries, 
more than 30 other wood-using com- 
panies within Macon and Bibb County 
turn out packing crates, furniture, 
cardboard boxes, cabinets, cartons, 
doors, lumber, flooring, handles, ski 
stock, millwork and provide wood 
preservative services. 

Together, those industries employ 
more than 1,400 men and women who 
enjoy annual salaries totaling some 
$5,800,000. The smaller companies 
spend $2,850,000 each year for raw 
forest materials. 

Add statistics of those companies 



Springing from a simple log fort, 
the state's central city has emerg- 
ed into an important industrial 
area still utilizing its surrounding 
forests. 



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nging from the smallest sawmill 
handle factory to substantial in- 
ries like Southern Crate and 
. j er Company and Art Furniture 
lfacturing Company — to the 
two" and the annual total looks 
this: 

:mber of employees, 2,950; pay- 
$15,800,000; amount spent for 
;t materials, $13,475,000. 
ie figures do not pertain to the 
army of foresters, pulpwood 
rs, loggers and truckers through- 
he woodlands of Middle Georgia 
•row, harvest and transport the 
rials which keep the industries 
ling. 

con is also the home of the 
gia Forestry Center, an installa- 
on Riggins Mill Road which in- 
;s the state headquarters, shops 
warehouses of the Georgia 
stry Commission; offices of the 
gia Forest Research Council; 
the U. S. Forest Service's 
ern Forest Fire Laboratory and 
;rn Seed Testing Laboratory, 
re than 120 persons are em- 
•d at the Center, with an annual 
ill of $661,400. Officials point 
hat expenditures for supplies, 
ment and services from local 
ess houses by the Center a- 



mounts to some $114,500 annually. 
Another $50,000 is spent annually 
for goods and services by the Com- 
mission's county forest rangers 
throughout this heartland of Georgia. 

The impact of forestry and related 
industries on the entire Macon trade 
area is also impressive, according 
to figures derived by a recent Georgia 
Forestry Commission survey. 

The study showed that almost 
4,500 persons in 22 Middle Georgia 
counties, excluding Bibb, are direct- 
ly employed in such industries and 
their total annual paychecks bring 
more than $9,000,000 into the econo- 
my. 

The annual expenditure for forest 
raw materials by industries in the 
counties -- Jasper, Monroe, Jones, 
Putnam, Baldwin, Hancock, Washing- 
ton, Wilkinson, Twiggs, Bleckley, 
Laurens, Johnson, Dodge, Telfair, 
Wilcox, Crisp, Dooly, Pulaski, 
Macon, Houston, Peach and Crawford 
— comes to approximately $11,500,- 
000. 

The industries are varied. A mill 
near Fort Valley, for instance, makes 
wooden baskets for the area's big 
annual peach harvest and a large 
plant on the outskirts of Helena pro- 
cesses naval stores products from 




Macon's Georgia Kraft plant. 



the forests of Telfair, Wilcox and 
other counties on the southern fringe 
of the Macon trade territory. 

But whether the enterprise is a 
small cabinet works or a huge lum- 
ber manufacturing plant, the firm is 
appreciated for its contribution to 
the economy of the local community. 

And with Macon serving as the 
trade center for Middle Georgia, a 
substantial portion of the forest in- 
dustry revenue throughout the region 
ultimately funnels into the banks, 
stores and other business houses of 
the city. 

Not to be overlooked is the promi- 
nent role the transportation indus- 
try plays in getting the raw materials 
to and finished products from the 
plants. 

In Macon, for instance, the rail- 
roads and trucking companies last 
year received approximately $1,135,- 
500 in freight revenue for forest 
materials transported into local 
plants. The freight for outbound 
products from those same plants 
amounted to almost $4,500,000. 

Middle Georgia's familiar pine 
forests that blanket the area and the 
valuable hardwoods that thrive 
along the creeks and rivers are, in 
essence, living "green factories" — 
nature's busy industry that keeps 
manufacturing plants continuously 
supplied with raw products. 

But to aid nature and step up her 
production, the Georgia Forestry 
Commission is dedicated to protect- 
ing those forests from fire and di- 
sease; perpetuating the woodlands 
through a vigorous reforestation pro- 1 
.gram; and enhancing the value of 
the trees by continuing research. 

The frontiersman 155 years ago 
sunk his axe into a pine tree to be- 
gin construction of Fort Hawkins 
for protection against the Indians. 

Today, the modern woodsman is 
cutting the descendant of that same 
pine tree with a power saw to pr o- 
tect and insure the fuprf^ofift 
using industrial /colpprex 
make Macon and a/1 MiddleJpeoTeja 



economically sound 



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14 March, 1 96 T No. 1 

Frank Craven Editor 




the News 



DANGEROUS FIRE 
TIONS EXIST 



CONDI- 



Published Quarterly by the 

SEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

Box 1077 

Macon, Georgia 

RAY SHIRLEY - DIRECTOR 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 

CHAIRMAN 
. M. JORDAN, JR. - VIDALIA 



NDREW J. AULTMAN 
SCAR S. GARRISON 
DHN M. McELRATH 
LEXANDER SESSOMS 



SYLVESTER 
HOMER 
MACON 
COGDELL 



(From the Camilla Enterprise) 



Fields and forest are bone dry. The freezing weather has killed the little green 
showing and this together with the lack of rain has made rank vegetarion iu this 
county a veritable tinder box. 

Hunters have a particular responsibility. One careless match can mean the loss of 
thousands of dollars to landowners. This is the reason most property owners post 
their land - not that they are so opposed to hunters, but the fact that some hunters 
are careless with their smoking and matches. 

County and State Forestry units are on constant watch - but they cannot prevent all 
of the losses that will occur. At least they can just try to hold a fire in the area in 
which it started. 

Let's be careful in the woods. 



DISTRICT OFFICES 
EORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 



District 


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State 


iboro 








District 


Il- 


P. 


0. 


Box 


26, 


Cami; 


ia 










District 


III- 


-P 


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Box 


169 


Americus 










District 


IV- 


I' 


0. 


Box 


333 


Newnan 










District 


V— 


P. 





Box 


328, 


McRae 










District 


VI- 


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Box 


505 


Miliec 


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District 


VII 


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Rome 












District 


VII 


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0. B 


ox 


lltiO, 


Wavcross 






District 


IX- 


!' 





Rex 


4 Hi 


Gainesvill 


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District 


X— 


Routt 


3, 




Wash 


ingt 


on 









JUNIOR TURNS IN HIS BADGE 



(From the Dublin Courier- He raid) 

Recently arrived at Smokey Bear headquarters in Washington a bulky package con- 
taining stickers, pamphlets, Junior Ranger Pledge card, badge - all the material usu- 
ally sent out to hundreds of aspiring young rangers every day. With it was a sad 
little note. 

I was playing with matches while I was visiting my cousin's house. I threw the 
matches on the ground. A fire started to burn the grass and the trees and the wild 
flowers. They called the Fire Department. They came to put it out before it reached 
our cousin's home or any home nearby. 

My dad and mom told me to send everything back. They do not think I should have 
any of it. I do not feel worthy of belonging to the Junior Forest Rangers. 

P. S.: I do wish I can be a Junior Forest Ranger after that mistake. Is there any- 
thing I can do to earn the badge again? 

Smokey has written Eric that if he is good and minds the rules of a good ranger for 
a three months period, he may have his badge and materials back again. 



Member of the 
Georgia Press Association. 

orgia Forestry is entered as second 
ass matter at the Post Office under 
the Act of August 24, 1912. 




NOW IS FOREST FIRE SEASON 

(From the Monticello News) 

The forest fire season is again with us and millions of dollars will be lost from the 
burning of the woodland in Georgia during the next few weeks unless the people are 
careful with farm burning, and with matches, cigarettes, and cigars. 

Hunters are urged by the Forestry Department to be very careful to see that fires 
are not started in the woodlands and grass area. Jasper County is noted for its valu- 
able timber and we want to remind the public it is the duty of all of us to use caution 
to prevent forest fires during the winter months. 

Activities of the Georgia Forestry Commission have been outstanding during the 
administration of Governor Vandiver and Director Ray Shirley in making his recent 
report to the Governor, said that forestry is vital to the economy of the State and out- 
lined the rapid strides made since the Governor assumed office. He further said 
"We have made these improvements and advaacements without any increase in State 
appropri at ion s. ' * 

Every individual in Georgia can be a scout to prevent forest fires and let's make 
a new record for fire prevention in the next few weeks. 



Miss Susan Myrick. . . 

editor 



News Media 



They know her in the dairy belt of 
Putnam County, the pine forests of 
Bleckley and the fruit orchards of 
Peach. She is well respected for 
her keen knowledge of agriculture by 
dirt farmers in Twiggs, poultrymen 
in Wilkinson and cattlemen in Crisp. 

She is Miss 
Susan Myrick, ve- 
teran farm editor 
of The Macon 
Telegraph and 

News and author 
of a column which 
often depicts nos- 
talgic scenes of 
Georgia's rural 
life of yesteryear. 

Miss Myrick, a 
native of Baldwin 

County and a graduate of Georgia 
State College for Women, is also 
associate editor of The Telegraph. 

The versatile newspaper woman -* 
equally at home interviewing a share 
cropper, hog breeder or bank presi* 
dent for a good farm story — is so 
familiar with the mores and folkways 
of the region that she was called to 
Hollywood in 1939 to serve as tech- 




Mi'ss Myrick 



nical advisor on Southern accent, 
manners and customs in the filming 
of the great Civil War epic, Gone 
With the Wind. 

Following graduation from college, 
Miss Myrick served for several years 
with the State Department of Educa- 
tion. She joined the staff of The 
Telegraph in 1929 as a reporter and 
feature writer. 

During her long career she has 
been presented several awards by 
the Georgia Association of Soil Con- 
servation Districts and in 1956 was 
named Woman of the Year in Georgia 
Agriculture by The Progressive 
Farmer. More recently, she was se- 
lected by the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission as a recipient of an award 
in forestry conservation under a pro- 
gram sponsored by the Georgia 
Sportsmen s' Federation. 

Author of a reader on soil conser- 
vation for primary grades, which is 
widely used in public schools in 
Georgia, South Carolina and Tennes- 
see, Miss Myrick is the only woman 
to have served as president of the 
Farmers' Club of the Macon Chamber 
of Commerce. 




When it comes to building homes 
overnight, any contractor will admit 
that you will have to be pretty sharp 
to beat Mr. Beaver. 

A recent Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission survey of beaver residence 
in Georgia shows that the little ani- 
mal with the built-in-trowel has been 
active throughout the state. Approx- 
imately 15,702 acres on 519 tracts 
have been homesteaded by this little 
creature who works by night. 

Figures indicate that the Middle 
Georgia area is the choice site of 
the beavers. Some 15,000 acres 
have been damaged on approximately 
300 tracts throughout the lower pied- 
mont. Another 400 acres of damage 
is confined to the mountain regions 
of the state. 

Hardwood sites seem to be pre- 
ferred to pine although both have 
shown considerable damage. As to 
timber size, pulpwood seems to be 
preferred over sawtimber. W. H. 



McComb, Commission management 
chief, stated that this situation is 
due to site type. Hardwood sites 
are more suitable to the beaver. 
McComb added that cutting practices 
are responsible for the size of tim- 
ber damaged by the beavers. 

In some instances, trapping and 
dynamite have proved successful 
eradicants. Bulldozing and con- 
struction of man-made dams are now 
being tried in an effort to rid certain 
areas of the beavers. Scare crows 
and draglines have been used to no 
avail. 

The report, which was requested 
by numerous landowners, indicates a 
need for control methods. At the 
same time, however, there are many 
others who have indicated that 
waters backed up by the beaver made 
dams are useful for duck ponds and 
watering livestock. 

Whether useful or not you will 
have to admit the beavers are a 
busy lot. 



Appreciation awards, recognizing 
the efforts ofnine Northwest Georgia 
radio stations in the salvage of ice- 
damaged timber in I960, were pre- 
sented at the annual Radio and TV 
Institute in January. Similar awards 
were presented to ten newspapers in 
the affected area at the Georgia 
Press Institute in February. 

Georgia Forestry Commission Di- 
rector Ray Shirley made the present- 
ations at the respective meetings 
presided over by Dean John E. 
Drewry of the Henry W. Grady School 
of Journalism at the University of 
Georgia, Athens. 

Shirley stated that the success of 
the timber salvage program conduct- 
ed by the Timber Salvage Advisory 
Committee was due in a large mea- 
sure, to the untiring efforts of radio 
station and newspaper personnel in 
the affected areas. The Commission 
Director pointed out that the news- 
papers devoted 933 and 3/4 column 
inches to the salvage advisory pro- 
gram which was concentrated over a 
two week period in April, I960. 
Radio stations in the stricken areas 
presented over 15 hours in public 
service programs and spots in addi- 
tion to regular coverage on sche- 
duled news programs. 

Radio stations receiving the ap- 
preciation awards included WWCC, 
Bremen; WCGA, Calhoun; WCHK, 
Canton; WGAA, Cedartown; WLFA, 
LaFayette; WPLK, Rockmart; and 
WLAQ, WRGA, and WROM of Rome. 

Newspapers recognized were the 
Calhoun Times, Carrollton Times 
Free-Press, Cedartown Standard, 
Dade County Times, Ellijay Times 
Courier, Gordon County News, Pic- 
kins County Progress, Rome News- 
Tribune, Tallapoosa Journal-Bea- 
con, and the Walker County Messen- 
ger. 

Members of the Timber Salvage 
Advisory Committee were W. H. 
McComb, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, chairman, H. O. Baxter, Ex- 
tension Service; R. N. Jobe, Soil 
Conservation Service; H. B. 

Mathias., Rome Kraft; and Rex 
McCord, Hiawassee Land Co. 
County agents served as moderators 
at the county and community meet- 
ings. 

, The meetings were held in Rome, 
Cedartown, Buchanan, Trenton, 
LaFayette, Calhoun, Ellijay and 
Jasper. 

Georgia Forcstr-* 



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Tihe dirt farm road leading off tourist-laden U. S. Highway 
301 some nine miles north of Statesboro was pretty smooth 
at first, but as it continued further into the lowlands along the 
Ogeechee River it became extremely rough. 

The road finally gave way to a trail and the trail soon became 
a mere series of mudholes - some about the size of bathtubs, 
but with bottoms less solid than said household fixtures. 

It was time to walk. 

After a steep climb up. the railroad bank, the object of the 
search could be seen way down the track. Although it dwarfed 
its brothers • and they were not puny things by any means - it 
somehow was not too impressive. 

What's more, a long single track trestle spanning swamp and 
river still lay between the giant and the hunters. The crossing 
was not exactly hazardous, but that old feeling that a fast 
freight train might be creeping up behind sorta' gave the brave 
expedition party the jitters. 

There were considerable backward glances as the group 
journeyed forward along the crossties. About the time the 
middle of the deep river was gained, the long, sad wail of a 
steam locomotive drifted across the water. Fact was, though, 
it wasn't a train at all. Just a hound dog yelping at a squirrel 

Georgia Forestry 



on the far bank of the stream. 

At last, the tireless hikers were even with it. There it was, 
twenty feet away. But viewing it from the railroad track it still 
didn't appear to be the "daddy of them all." 

One brave soul, however, eased down the railroad bank and 
into the dense swamp. "Come on down," he yelled soon after 
he had disappeared into the jungle. "Man, it's a big one. 
Really big." 
It is. 

It's circumference at a point six feet from the ground is 33 
feet and two inches. 

Forest Ranger Paul Moore of Bulloch County, a full grown 
fellow who is certainly not considered a runt by his wife and 
friends, posed for a picture at it's base and it made him look 
like a midget. 

The discovery was well worth the rough ride, the mud bogs, 
the imaginary trains and the strange rustling sounds on the 
floor of the swamp. 

And the folks in the area, which is just over the Bulloch 
County line in Screven and a stone's throw from the village of 
Dover, will tell you the lofty old cypress, is absolutely the 
"biggest tree in the State of Georgia." 



LEGISLATORS 

PRAISE 

COMMISSION 

PROGRAM . . . 

Rtquest Appropriation Increase 



Rep. W. H. Kimmons 




The Appropriation Committee of 
the House of Representatives was 
recently asked to seriously consider 
an increase in the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's appropriation for the 
coming year. The request was based 
on a recent six-day inspection tour of 
Commission facilities by the Fores- 
try Sub-Committee of the Natural 
Resources Committee of the House 
of Representatives. 

Representative W. H. "Bill" 
Kimmons of Pierce County, Chair- 
man, stated that the increase is need- 
ed to strengthen fire protection in 
areas where thousands of acres have 
been planted in trees and to speed 
up the control of undesirable and cull 
specie program on productive forest 
acreage. The Committee also urged 
that funds be made available to 
bring under forest fire protection 
eight counties not under the program 
and for those counties to take ad- 
vantage of the service. The coun- 
ties contribute one-third of the cost 
of each fire unit. 

Representative Kimmons pointed 
out that the Commission, under the 
direction of Ray Shirley, is saving 
state and county governments thou- 
sands of dollars each year by obtain- 
ing and making usable surplus equip- 
ment from the federal government. 
The Commission is eligible for 
equipment suitable for forest fire 
protection through a cooperative 
agreement with the Forest Service 
of the U. S. Department of Agricul- 
ture. 

The report showed that equipment 
is in excellent condition in all 
county or area fire protection units. 
The forest fire records were complete 
and indicated the degree of super- 
vision and training of the personnel, 
Representative Kimmons added. 

Five of the six forest tree seed- 
ling nurseries are using state pri- 
soners from the Board of Correction 
for their common labor requirements. 
Representative Kimmons said this 
is an excellent program and is as- 
sisting greatly the Board of Cor- 
rections financially. 

Georgia's reforestation program 
exceeds that of any other state, em- 
phasized Representative Kimmons. 
We were impressed by the vast 
amount of forest area in the state 
and recognize that timber is a major 
natural resource of the state and in 
it lies a great potential for further 
industrial expansion of Georgia. In 
the past four years, more than 
1,500,000 acres have been planted 
to trees that were formerly in agri- 
cultural crops. Almost one million 
acres have been planted under the 
Soil Bank Program. Some counties 



have planted 35 - 40,000 acres to 
trees under this program in addition 
to what is normally planted. 

The report revealed that Georgia 
has between seven and seven and 
one-half million acres of forest land 
on which cull trees make up a con- 
siderable part of the area. The Com- 
mission is rendering outstanding ser- 
vice to timberland owners on these 
lands reported Representative 

Kimmons. A hardwood control pro- 
gram is converting 5,000 acres per 
year to pine timber or valuable hard- 
woods. 

The Waycross State Forest was 
visited and was observed as being a 
well managed forest area growing all 
types of forest products. The Forest 
also serves as a demonstration area 
for forest landowners and for train- 
ing state and county personnel. 

The Commission's headquarters 
at Macon was visited and the com- 
mittee was impressed with th^ effi- 
cient staff, as well as the various 
services rendered. 

Areas included in the six-day 
tour were the state headquarters at 
Macon, Page, Walker, and Hightower 
Nurseries, McRae District Office, 
Telfair County Forestry Unit and 
hardwood control areas in that county. 
The Morgan-Walton, Gilmer and 
Bartow Forestry Units were also in- 
spected. 

The inspecting team included, in 
addition to Representative Kimmons, 
Representatives Hubert H. Wells, 
Oconee County, vice-chairman; W. 
C. Parker, Appling County, secre- 
tary; Byrom M. Fitzgerald, Long 
County; Roy R. Kelly, Jasper County 
J. Floyd Larkins, Brantley County; 
W. T. McCown, Polk County; and 
W. G. Todd, Glascock County 

This program is saving the state 
and county governments thousands of 
dollars, and without it the state and 
county government would have to pro- 
vide a much larger budget for the 
operation of this vital public program. 

The counties contribute one-third 
of the cost of each fire unit. A 
forestry advisory board in each 
county works with the Commission, 
and this Committee strongly feels 
that the state and counties are re- 
ceiving more for their money through 
this program than any other program 
of the state government of which we 
have any knowledge. 

Representative Kimmons conclud- 
ed his report stating that he wished 
it was possible for every member of 
the House of Representatives to see 
for themselves the work of the Com- 
mission and realize the importance 
of forestry to Georgia's economy. 



Georgia Forestry 



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(7. S. Forest Service 



Ireas managed for big and small game; pic- 
nicking, camping, swimming, boating, and 
autumn foliage; clear sparkling trout streams 
i and unpolluted lakes; a source of plentiful 
I clear water; and a vital raw material and 
*- livelihood; constitute multiple use of the 
forest. 

Wood has long been thought of as the principal 
product of the National Forests. It is still im- 
portant, but in balance with other resources. 
The Georgia National Forests harvest over 50 
million board feet of sawtimber and pulpwood a 
year and will strive for increased sustained 
yield through sound management practices. Vir- 
gin timber is gone and no area on the forests 
can be truly called virgin. 

Wildlife is a renewable forest resource just 
like timber and grass. National Forests are 
great hunting and fishing grounds for America... 
particularly for the people of Georgia. In the 



that will be encountered, and spell out manage- 
ment decisions thought to best obey the laws 
and policies governing the Forest Service. 

To supplement the forest guide and district 
plans are resource development and facilitating 
service plans which list specific jobs that should 
be accomplished during the next 5-10 years. 

An analysis of conditions found in particular 
logical subdivision of land is called a multiple 
use prescription. It is the written direction for 
putting multiple use into operation on every 
applicable acre in that subdivision. These sub- 
divisions usually average approximately 1,000 
acres. 

It is by the manipulation of the timber re- 
source that multiple use is accomplished on-the- 
ground. It is basic to the handling of other re- 
sources.. .water, wildlife, and recreation. A se- 
lective harvest of mature timber, will produce 
revenue and may even increase water yield by 



n a r j — r — r — ° — 

W • • • • Fr0M li vElihood to Recreation 



mountainous sections of the Forests are found 
most of the limited number of streams suitable 
for trout fishing. Many of our large and small 
game animals and upland bird species make their 
homes on the Forests. 

There are certain services, not considered 
resources, necessary to practice multiple use. 
Included are roads and trails, fire and pest con- 
trol, and communications. 

The Georgia National Forests are not all 
alike, and since they must work together to pro- 
duce the various benefits for the public, they are 
placed in a number of groups. These include 
streamside, roadside, trailside, waterfront, and 
recreational areas. Others include the general 
forest area and the scenic and other near-na- 
tural areas. 

The Chattahoochee and the Oconee National 
Forests are two of the Nation's 151 National 
Forests. The Chattahoochee, with it's 681,000 
acres, is located in the Appalachian Mountains 
of North Georgia. The 96,000 acre Oconee Na- 
tional Forest makes up the former Piedmont and 
North Central Georgia Land Utilization Projects. 
These forests contain some five percent of the 
land area within their zone of influence. Ap- 
proximately 2,300,000 people live in the zone 
and the figure is expected to double by the year 
2000. 

A multiple use management guide has been 
written for the two forests. It describes the 
land area and situation, objectives for each re- 
source and service, management direction for 
each principal area, and possible sources oi 
conflict between uses. It is also the basis for 
the more detailed ranger district multiple use 
plans. 

The plans will list the situation as it applies 
to that particular working unit, cover problems 



reducing the number of large trees soaking up 
rainfall before it reaches the streams. Timber 
cutting will cause hardwood sprouting, an im- 
portant source of browse needed by deer herds. 
A closed canopy of large mature trees, with 
little understory, is very nearly a desert for 
wildlife. Openings created by timber cutting, or 
permanent openings prescribed in areas where no 
sale is made, will give 'edge' conditions benefi- 
cial for grouse and turkey. Standard marking 
and TSI instructions specify leaving enough 
mast, den and roost trees on every acre so that 
food and shelter for all species of game is as- 
sured. Water temperature will remain at the 
necessary level for fish by removing only those 
trees in streamside areas specified by the pres- 
cription. 

The man on-the-ground, using a paint gun to 
mark a tree, or swinging an axe to create a 
wildlife opening, has to understand and appre- 
ciate multiple use the same as the district ran- 
ger. Benefits will come to other resources, and 
the public, through good management of one re- 
source. 

Multiple use is practical. It has been prac- 
ticed more or less for many years. In the in- 
creasing competition for use of the same land, 
it must be remembered that the same amount of 
land must serve more and more people. The 
overall objective is to meet the Forest's share 
of the demands consistent with the capabilities 
of the land and the ecological characteristics of 
the resources available. Multiple use serves 
more people in the long run; it is the only way 
to meet their growing needs. 

Yes, we can have our cake and eat it too. 
Not only that but we can have a better cake 
through the application of the multiple use 
policy. 



Georgia Forestry 




that tell a story 



Thousands of dollars and acres are saved the tax- 
payers and landowners of Georgia through advice 
given them. ..on whether to burn or not to burn. This in- 
valuable information is obtained through the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's 88 fire weather danger stations. 

At each of these strategic stations fuel moisture read- 
ings are included in fire danger reports. These readings 
tell the ranger how much moisture is contained in the 
surface forest litter located in its natural condition. 

The key to the accuracy of these reports are three fuel 
moisture sticks placed on racks under a wire screen ap- 
proximately eight inches above four inches of forest 
litter. In winter, only one screen is used while in sum- 
mer six screens are used. This simulates the amount of 
tree shade. In North and Middle Georgia, a combination 
of pine needles and hardwood leaves is used as litter; 
and in South Georgia, all pine is used. This represents 
the litter native to that part of the state. 

The sticks are replaced every six months to insure 
accurate readings the year round. They are obtained 
from the U. S. Forest Service Southern Forest Fire 
Laboratory, Macon. 

The Macon lab furnishes 800 active stations, in 25 
eastern and southern states, with two sets of sticks per 
year. A total of 2,000 sets are produced annually to 
meet the above requirements, replace damaged sticks 
and for use in research and lab tests. 

The sticks are made of basswood because of its 
ability of giving repeatable results. The wood is 
sized and treated to meet desired specifications, 
measuring 18 x 2 3/8 x 1/8 inches. The sticks are 
then weathered from four - six months depending on 
season, rainfall, and temperature. 

The aluminum weathering racks hold approximately 
3,000 sticks or 1,000 sets.' Extreme care has to be 
taken not to bend or warp sticks nor allow one stick 
to partially cover another. The weathering operation 
removes ..pproximately five percent of the sticks ini- 
tial dry weight. 



After the sticks are weathered they are stored until 
the actual calibration process is started. This includes 
oven drying, moisture absorption tests, selection of uni- 
form sets and retesting non-uniform sets. They are now 
ready for processing, shipment and their crucial role in 
fire prevention and control. 




In the field the fuel moisture sticks provide the ranger with 
invaluable information on the moisture content of surface 
litter. 



Georgia Forestry 



SEED LAB RENAMED 



The six-year old tree seed testing 
laboratory, located at the Georgia 
Forestry Center near Macon, has 
been renamed the "Eastern Tree 
Seed Laboratory", it was announced 
by Ray Shirley, Director of the 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Originally established by the U. 
5. Forest Service to test seed of 
southern pines, services have been 
expanded to meet demands from as 
far West as Montana. 

"With billions of tree seeds being 
sown each year in nurseries and in 
open fields throughout the nation, 
foresters and landowners must have 
better control over rates of germina- 
tion," said Shirley. The laboratory 
was formed in 1954 and ran tests on 
only 175 samples of seed destined 
for planting in the Southeastern 
states. Last year, the lab made 
over 2200 seed tests representing 
70 percent of all tree seed sown in 
the nation. The samples came from 
pulp companies, seed dealers, and 
state, private, and federal nurseries 
in 18 states. 

Biggest users of these services 



have been Georgians as Georgia led 
the nation in planting 300,000,000 
tree seedlings last year. 

J. K. Vessey, Regional Forester 
of the USFS in Atlanta, commenting 
on the name change, said that this 
laboratory was an outstanding exam- 
ple of a cooperative program bet- 
ween state, private, and federal 
agencies. The Georgia Forestry 
Commission and the U. S. Forest 
Service jointly staff the laboratory. 
Forest tree seed is tested for any 
private individual, company, or 
public agency that has need for its 
services. Charges for this work are 
running about $12.00 a test", he 
said. "This specially designed 
laboratory, which was formally dedi- 
cated in 1958, has the space, the 
facilities, and the trained scientists 
to greatly improve the handling of 
forest tree seed for the entire 
Eastern United States". 

Persons having need for tree seed 
testing facilities should write to: 
Director, Eastern Tree Seed Labora- 
tory, Box 1077, Macon, Georgia. 



EXPANSION KEYS 



The intensification and extension 
of fire protection in Georgia high- 
lighted the I960 Fire Control Re- 
port of the Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, headed by Ray Shirley. 

Assistant Director and Fire Con- 
trol Chief Jim Turner stated that 
Webster and Fayette Counties and a 
portion of Clinch County came under 
organized protection during I960. 
The above counties accounted foi 
an additional 185,544 forest acres 
under the Commission's Fire Con- 
trol program. This brought the total 
acreage under protection to 21,494,- 
602. 

The revision of fire plans, the ex- 
tension of air patrol to all ten Com- 
mission Districts and more effective 
sound and efficient supervision of 
Commission field programs provided 
Georgia landowners with the most- 
up-to-date fire control program. 

April and December haunted the 
statistical end of the Fire Control 
report. Severe March ice-storms fed 
April fires with downed timber in 
North Georgia. Approximately 170 
fires occured during the period and 
destroyed some 3,000 acres of forest 
land. Fires on Lookout and Pigeon 
Mountains accounted for more than ' 
half the damage. 



Unseasonable dry weather in 
December accounted for another 
rash of fires throughout the state. 
Some 1,833 fires occured during the 
month destroying approximately 
11,707 acres throughout the state. 
The largest single day occurrence 
in December, and the year, was on 
the fifth when 200 fires were sup- 
pressed. 

Of the 8,335 fires during the year, 
debris burning, smokers and incen- 
diaries were the major causes. De- 
bris burning accounted for 2,761 
fires, smokers, 1,542 and incendi- 
aries 1,180 fires. Last year's fires 
only burned .290 percent of the 
21,680,146 acres under protection. 
The average size fire was 7.55 acres. 

Georgia citizens, in I960, con- 
tinued to be the backbone of the 
fire protection program. Shirley 
stated that without the full coopera- 
tion of Georgia citizens I960 could 
have been tragic. Notification of 
intention to burn, proper preventive 
measures and full cooperation given 
to county forest rangers enabled 
Georgia to retain its national leader- 
ship in forestry and forestry its eco- 
nomical impact on the state, Shirley 
added. 




4-H CHAMP 



"I have worked in naval stores on 
my father's farm ever since I was 
old enough to carry a dip bucket," 
explained 18-year-old Louis Pete 
Peebles of Pitts, one of the nation's 
six sectional winners in the annual 
4-H Forestry Project competition. 

Drawing upon that early experience 
in gum operations, the youth during 
the past year engaged in tree plant- 
ing, thinning, selective cupping, 
acid stimulation and naval stores 
production in such an effective man- 
ner that he was chosen to represent 
Wilcox County in the district elimi- 
nation contest. 

Louis, son of 
prominent naval 
stores operator, 
farmer and cat- 
tleman L. O. 
Peebles, was 
declared dis- 

trict winner in 
June and went 
on to win the 
state award in 
August. 

As recipient 

of the award for . , , 

»u~ o^/.»; Louis Peebles 

the section, 

which includes some 14 states, 
the young man received an expense 
paid trip to Chicago to attend the 
39th annual National 4-H Club Con- 
gress and tour the city. 

During his week-long stay in the 
windy city, which was financed by 
the American Forest Products Indus- 
tries, Louis also visited museums, 
toured a large farm machinery plant 
and attended several banquets. 

Louis, who with his brother owns 
a 250-acre farm recently set out in 
young pines, estimates his 4-H 
forestry project has netted some 
$1,000 so far and the money will 
pay about half of his college ex- 
penses. He is now a freshman at 
the University of Georgia. 

"I am interested in business ad- 
ministration at the present," Louis 
said, "but I might get into forestry 
later." 

Louis received instructions and 
encouragement in his project from 
Eddie Powell of the Extension Ser- 
vice and Wilcox County Agent W. N. 
Hudson, as well as from his father. 

Shelton McWhorter, ranger of the 
Wilcox County Unit, Georgia. Fores- 
try Commission, said Louis' father 
"has the largest gum operation in 
our county and he has given his son 
a lot of valuable training. ..We are 
all very proud of Louis' accomplish- 
ments. 

Georgia Forestry 



lew Seedling 
.if ter Mode 
n Georgia 



A new tree lifting machine will be put into use by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission in the fall of 1961, announced Commission Director Ray Shirley. 
The new seedling harvester will speed up lifting and shipping and make a 
more efficient operation, Shirley said. 

The Georgia-made 'lifter' was designed and constructed by the Forestry 
Commission and the University of Georgia's Agricultural Engineering Depart- 
ment. Sanford Darby, Commission reforestation chief, and Charles E. Rice, 
associate professor of Agricultural Engineering at the University of Georgia, 
have worked jointly on the project since 1956. 

The lifter is designed to remove soil from the roots and move the trees in 
a manner that keeps tops to tops and roots to roots. It also places the trees- 
in containers for transportation to the packing shed. 

Tests this year show that it takes approximately 25 minutes for the 'lifter' 
to harvest 520 feet of nur- 
sery bed. There are eight 
drills or rows to a bed. The 
present hand-lifting proce- 
dure requires 26 men to lift 
1,000,000 per day. The 
Georgia 'lifter' can lift this 
same quantity per day with 
a six man crew. 

The present lifting ma- 
chine is an outgrowth of two 
previous machines designed 
by Darby and Rice. Know- 
ledge gained from them re- 
sulted in the present ma- 
chine which harvests the 
whole bed. The operation 
of the seedling 'lifter' is 
based on a series of revolv- 
ing belts driven by an air- 
cooled engine. 

Specially designed dou- 
ble-notched flat rubber belts mounted on an incline pick up the seedlings in 
an upright position. A set of agitators, made from commercial chicken picker 
fingers, shakes the soil from the roots without damage to them. The seed- 
lings are deposited on a cross conveyor, at the rear of the machine, which 
deposits the seedlings in tubs. 




After undercutting of beds to a depth of 
ten inches the seedlings are lifted by 
belts and soil shaken from roots by a 
series of agitators. 




C, ctnroi n Fnrc <:/rv 



Members of the Future Farmers of 
America chapters at Lanier and 
Willingham High Schools in Macon 
are learning all about the full cycle 
of a forest, from tree planting to 
timber harvesting. 

They're getting practical exper- 
ience in all phases of forestry at 
their well managed 193-acre school 
forest near Lizella. 

Herschel Simmons, the boys' in- 
structor, had some of the 85 boys 
out on a field trip the other day to 
help harvest pulpwood, while another 
crew planted young pines on a 35- 
acre open area. 

"In the classroom," Simmons 
said, "we cover all phases of the 
work. ..how to prepare land for plant- 
ing, correct planting procedures, 
difference in species, forest manage- 
ment, harvesting, etc." 

The Vo-Ag teacher said the oldest 
trees in the school forest were plant- 
ed 15 years ago and are now yield- 
ing pulpwood. "We've sold about 



120 cords of pulpwood in recent 
years," he said, "and we also sold 
$400 worth when we cleared out 
some wolf trees to make way for 
more planting." 

The schools have their own trac- 
tor and necessary hand tools. Some 
five miles of fire breaks are main- 
tained at the forest and Simmons 
said, "we have never had a wild 
fire on the property." 

After the boys are given class- 
room instructions on a particular 
phase of forestry, they make a field 
trip to the forest to apply the me- 
thods they have studied in school. 

Most of the boys take a real in- 
terest in the forest, according to the 
teacher. "I know I have some boys 
who will never go into farming or 
forestry when they leave school," 
he said, "but I feel they will have a 
greater appreciation of the forests 
for the rest of their lives by partici- 
pating in the projects on our school 
plot." 




While some students plant seedlings 
... Others harvest pulpwood 










F St** • fetftt- ' >* >» Y- *f ^ <*.> K'§ 

f'^^iASjk'r '. «-,- $#&•: -,•-*. **vV '&$S 



LITTIRS 



Mr. Ray Shirley, Director 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
Macon, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Shirley: 

This is to advise you of the prompt and 
efficient manner the Sumter County 
Forestry Unit handled a small fire in our 
woods recently, and to commend Mrs. 
Alice McCord on the tower, and Mr. Bill 
Bowen, who answered the call. 

I just wanted you to know of the splendid 
manner in which this job was handled and 
commend the two members of your Service. 

Very truly yours, 

E. H. Kinnebrew 

The Kinnebrew Company 



Mr. T. M, Strickland 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
2035 Lumpkin Road 
Augusta, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Strickland: 

Mrs. Wilkens and 1 wish to express to 
you our sincere appreciation for the 
efficient assistance you rendered in 
controlling the recent fire on our farm 
at Hephzibah. 

We feel ourselves fortunate in having an 
organization such as yours always avail- 
able. 



Best wishes. 



Yours very truly, 
R. B. Wilkens, Jr. 



Mr. A. R. Shirley 

Director, Georgia Forestry Commission 

Box 1077 

Macon, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Shirley: 

Yesterday fire broke out and swept out 
into a spot of my young pines. While 
some three or four acres of trees about 
shoulder high were destroyed, I wish to 
take this opportunity of thanking you for 
the alertness of the crew under Mr. 
Robert H. Lane and towerman William S. 
Weaver. 

Had it not been for these dble and com- 
petent men being on the job my loss 
would have been heartbreaking. 

With my thanks and best wishes. 

Yours very sincerely, 

S. Bert Kinard 

Life Insurance Company of 

G -orgia 



ANNUAL FIRE WEATHER REPORT 



The mild weather of 1959 con- 
tinued through I960 in Georgia with 
the exception of the month of Decem- 
ber, according to the recent I960 
Georgia Fire Weather Report. 

Dan Kreuger, U. S. Weather Bu- 
reau fire weather forecaster, South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Station, 
Macon, stated that dry weather in 
December raised fire expectancy to 
about double the seven year average 
of 602 fires. Fire occurrence was 
also greater than expected. Decem- 
ber I960 was the first month since 
November 1958 that fire expectancy 
and occurrence was much above the 
average. 

The annual fire weather report 



showed that March fire occurrence 
was much greater than expected in 
contrast to other months. This may 
be partially accounted for by the 
above normal amounts of fuel avail- 
able. In March, severe ice storms 
caused a considerable amount of 
timber to be downed thus creating 
fire hazards. 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
Director Ray Shirley said that there 
is still a considerable amount of 
downed timber in North Georgia and 
drought exposed fuel in Central and 
South Georgia. As long as these 
conditions exist everyone in the 
state must exercise extreme caution 
in burning, Shirley added. 





Students of the T. D. Tinsley School 
in Macon observed Georgia' s annual 
Arbor Day recently by planting pine and 
hardwood seedlings on the school 
grounds. Curtis Barnes, regional forester 
of the Georgia Forestry Commission, is 
shown instructing fourth and fifth graders 
on the correct planting procedures. 



New faculty members of the School of 
Forestry, University of Georgia, are 
shown with Dean A. M. Herrick. Left to 
right are Dr. Claude Brown, Dr. Ernest 
Provost, Dean Herrick, and William 
Moss. Dr. Brown is jointly staffed with 
the University's botany department and 
will do research in forest tree physio' 
logy and genetics. Dr. Provost will 
teach game management and participate 
in research at the Savannah River 
Energy Commission Project. Moss will 
teach' mensuration and initiate research 
on testing and guidance for forestry 
education. 



Georgia Forestry 



Logging the foresters 




The four millionth tree to be planted at 
Fort Gordon near Augusta is shown be- 
ing set out during a recent ceremony at 
the military reservation. Left to right 
are Harold Barnett, post forester; 
George Collier, Tenth District forester; 
Frank Craven, chief of Georgia Forestry 
Commission's Information and Education 
Division; John Blanchard, superinten- 
dent of Columbia County Schools; Col. 
Hugh T. Cary, deputy commander of 
Fort Gordon; Col. Robert R. Creighton, 
deputy Army Signal Corps Training Cen- 
ter commander; and Brig. Gen. Howard 
M. Hobson, commanding general of the 
fort. 



U. S. Army Photo 




This is the new headquarters building of 
the Laurens County Forestry Unit. Ran- 
ger Grable L. Ricks, shown standing in 
front of the new structure, said the office 
building was erected by personnel of 
the unit. Ricks formerly had his office 
in a section of the shop and garage build- 
ing located at the rear of the unit's two- 
acre lot some three miles south of Dublin 
on U. S. Highway 441. 



NEW HOME. ..The Georgia Forestry Cen- 
ter has a new resident. The Macon 
office of the State Game and Fish De- 
partment is now quartered at the Center. 
Commission Director Ray Shirley said 
the move was based on a directive from 
the Department of Civil Defense which 
required all state agencies with two-way 
radios to provide a generator at each 
station for emergency purposes. Fulton 
Lovell, director. Game and Fish Depart- 
ment, said his division is joining the 
Forestry Department in providing a gene- 
rator in Macon. This will be an econo- 
mic saving to both departments. Chief 
Ranger J. W. Thomasson is head of the 
Macon office. In addition to the above, 
the Forestry Center is the home of the 
U. S. Forest Service' s Southern Forest 
Fire and the Eastern Tree Seed Labora- 
tories. 



COLOR CHANGE. ..The Georgia Fores- 
try Commission has changed its official 
vehicle color from forest green to white. 
Director Ray Shirley said the change 
was made to make highway operation 
safer and identification from air patrol 
planes easier. Only new trucks, surplus 
vehicles being initially placed into 
operation and those trucks that needed 
repainting were effected immediately. 



IN MEMORIAM... Samuel D. Beichler, 
veteran of 31 years with the U. S. 
Forest Service, died February 10 in 
Atlanta. Beichler, for the past 
seven years, has been head of Coop- 
erative Forest Fire Protection in 
the Southern Region. Beichler was 
associated with forest fire control 
work in 11 southern states for more 
than 15 years and was Forest Ser- 
vice coordinator for the 10-state 
Southeastern Forest Fire Compact 
at the time of his death. His first 
assignments were to National Forest 
staff positions in Ark. and Miss. 




"What Are The Responsibilities of the 
Profession in the Southern Forestry of 
the Future" was the theme of the recent 
annual meeting of the Southeastern Sec- 
tion of the Society of American Foresters. 
Approximately 400 foresters from Ala., 
Ga., and Fla. attended the two-day ses- 
sion held in Jacksonville, Fla. James 
W. Owens, Jr., Tuscaloosa, Ala., was 
named SAF section chairman. He re- 
ceived the gavel from Donald D. Steven- 
son, Foley, Fla. Richard H. Riggs, 
Birmingham, Ala., was elected secretary- 
treasurer. Not shown above was Ed 
Ruark, Macon, Ga., chairman elect. 




Stuart Moore, supervisor, Waycross State Forest, discusses naval stores management 
practices at the recent naval stores and forest management school held on the Way 
cross State Forest. Other speakers included W. H. McComb, and Sam Thacker, chief 
and assistant chief, respectively. Management Division, Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion; Norman R. Hawley, Henry G. Backus and Charles Shea, supervisor and area 
foresters, respectively, Naval Stores Conservation Program, 



Georgia Forestry 







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the News 



ol. 14 June, 1961 No. 2 

Frank Craven Editor 

Published Quarterly by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

Box 1077 

Macon, Georgia 



RAY SHIRLEY - DIRECTOR 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 
CHAIRMAN 
C. M. JORDAN, JR. - VIOALIA 



ANDREW J. AULTMAN 
OSCAR S. GARRISON 
JOHN M. McELRATH 
ALEXANDER SESSOMS 



SYLVESTER 
HOMER 
MACON 
COGDELL 



DISTRICT OFFICES 
GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 



District I — Route 2, 

Statesboro 
District II— P. O. Box 

Camilla 
District III— P. O. Box 

Americus 
District. IV— P. 0. Box 

Newnan 
District V— P. 0. Box 

McRae 
District VI— P. 0. Box 

Miliedgeville 
District VII — Route 1, 

Rome 
District VIII— P. 0. B 

1 lfiO, Wavcross 
District IX — P. O. Box 

Gainesville 
District X — Route 3, 

Washington 



26, 
169, 
333, 

328, 
505, 

ox 
416, 




Member of the 
Georgia Press Association. 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second 

class matter at the Post Office under 

the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Area Leads in Pulpwood 

Georgia's pulpwood harvest last year was the highest in the South for the 12th 
straight year, with total purchases valued at more than $94 million. 

The significant thing about the report, was that three counties in the Waycross 
area were listed as the state's leading producers. 

Camden's pulpwood crop was valued at $2,866,940, Ware was second with a figure 
of $2,606,380 and Clinch was third with a crop valued at $2,276,060. 

The puip and paper industry and "satellite" industries would do well to consider 
this part of the state for new plant sites. 

This is regarded as one of the last great Eastern areas open to major industrial ex- 
pansion. 

In addition to natural resources, ideal climate and excellent transportation facili- 
ties, Southeast Georgia is blessed with forward-looking people. 

Waycross and other communities welcome the opportunity to discuss industrial 
sites and other matters. We believe that there is no better location for new plants 
and factories than here in the heart of the great Dixie forestry empire. 

{From the Waycross Journal Herald) 

For Forests' Best Use 

In the President's economic message to Congress earlier this year were two ear- 
quickening items for those attuned to the present and future value of Northeast Geor- 
gia's most vast resource, our 600,000 acres of national forest. 

President Kennedy emphasized improvement of forest resources, credit for the de- 
velopment of woodland properties and acceleration of the National Forest Service 
multiple purpose program. 

He pointed to opportunities for programs to improve roads and recreation in the 
nation's forests and parks and asked "high priority for areas of surplus labor." 

Georgia National Forest Supervisor Paul Vincent, whose Chattahoochee and 
Oconee National Forests add up to better than 750,000 acres, points out in his I960 
report how those acres can by the year 2,000 grow to 3,000,000. 

"Multiple use" means deriving every use from every possible acre and keeping the 
uses compatible to and complementary with each other. The uses are timber produc- 
tion, watershed protection, wildlife and recreation. 

Not every acre can be developed on a multiple purpose basis. Each user has to 
realize that he can't have every acre just as he would wish it. The timber people 
have to leave trees to provide cover, protect watershed, and maintain stream tempera- 
tures. The hunters must concede that areas must be open for the campers and hikers. 
In short, management must provide for the best all-around use of every acre. 

We are sort of "nuts" on the subject of natural resources. But the land and what 
it offers the nation is our best hope for continued health and prosperity. 

(From the Gainesville Daily Times) 

Keep Georgia Green Theme Urges 
Safety in Forests 

Appling County is known for her pine trees. She is called "The Turpentine Capital 
of the World". 

For timberland owners, the present is good and the future looks brighter. Turpen- 
tine is at its highest level in history and more uses for it are being developed. New 
and improved methods of harvest are being studied and put into practice which will 
make naval stores more profitable. 

It is with this thought that The Baxley News-Banner joins the Georgia Forestry 
Commission and several interested private firms in the theme "Keep Georgia Green." 

Appling County soil is ideal for the pine tree, yet, soil alone is not enough. Fire 
can destroy in hours a forest that has been growing for years. In 1954-55, 9,152 acres 
of valuable timber were wiped out by fire. In 1960, only 644 acres burned. This is 
evidence that we are making progress, however, we need to be always on the alert 
and to completely eliminate our fire loss. 

The Appling County Forestry Unit is to be congratulated on the fine job its mem- 
bers are doing in guarding the 253,000 acres of forest land under protection. 

(From the Baxley News Banner) 









Georgia Forestry 







TREE' 

FARM; 




. 



SIGNS OF^PROGRESS 



TREE 
FARM. 



TREE 
FARM 



TREE 
FARM 



If the goal of Al Davenport of Union Bag-Camp Paper 
Corporation of Savannah is to be achieved, hundreds 
more of those familiar "Tree Farm" signs will be 
added this year to the landscape of rural Georgia. 

"We are certifying an average of one new farm a day," 
said Davenport, new state chairman of the Georgia Tree 
Farm Committee, "and our total acreage in the state has 
passed the five million mark." 

Davenport, who defined the program as "industry's way 
of thanking the landowners for a job well done," said the 
committee has TOO foresters who are prepared to inspect 
the lands of prospective members. 

"If the woodlands meet our forest management specifi- 
cations," he said, "we give the landowner a sign to 
place on his property, a certificate, and a subscription to 
The Forest Digest." The square metal sign with the 
green Tree Farm emblem on a white background "an- 
nounces to the public that the site is being used to grow 
trees in an efficient manner," Davenport said. 

The chairman said inspection is never carried out in a 
slipshod way. "If a man's land doesn't come up to par," 
he said, "we refuse to certify the acreage as a Tree 
Farm. ..the inspecting forester, however, points out ways 
in which the woodlot can be brought up to standard for a 
later consideration." 

The American Tree Farm System, which Georgia enter- 
ed in 1948, is the outgrowth of a plan initiated by a West 
Coast lumber company in the early forties. The unique 
idea soon spread and the program is now sponsored in 
46 states, with more than 50,000 certified Tree Farms 
comprising 50 million acres. 

Sponsored by forest industries through the American 
Forest Products Industries, a Tree Farm today is "an 
area of privately owned, taxpaying forest land dedicated 
voluntarily by its owner to the growing and harvesting of 
repeated forest crops." 

Davenport said Georgia now ranks third in the nation in 



total acreage certified and eighth in total number of acres. 
"We are striving to place Georgia at the very top," he 
said. "It will be a struggle, but it can be done." 

But Davenport said, "it will not be a rat race with 
other states just to gef the number one spot. ..we will 
continue to maintain the rigid qualifications." 

The chairman, in fact, said his committee is "re-in- 
specting Tree Farms in Georgia which went under the pro- 
gram prior to 1958 and we are weeding out those that have 
failed to continue to meet the program's standards." 

Davenport said Georgia currently has 771 Tree Farms, 
ranging from six acres to tracts comprising thousands of 
acres. He said Greene County leads the state with 29 
Tree Farms and Long County is second with 21. Emanuel 
and Mitchell Counties are tied with 20 each. 

The committee head, who writes a personal letter of 
congratulations to each new landowner accepted, said, 
"we are receiving wonderful cooperation 
from the Georgia Forestry Commission, 
Georgia Agricultural Extension 
Service and other agencies in- 
terested in forestry." 

Area chairmen working 
with Davenport are John 
R. Sisley, Macon, and 
Walter Stone, Savannah- 
District chairmen ^ 

are H. B. Mathias, 
Rome; Donald T. Sonnen, 
Forsyth; L. O. Wright, 
Louisville; Norman Stone, 
Valdosta; and IL J. Malsberger, 
Richmond Hill. F. T. Newsome, 
Rome, a former state chairman, is 
an ex officio member of the committee 
and Harry Crown, Atlanta, serves as 
secretary. 




avenport 



Georgia Forestry 



tgr- -' — - *iP" 




The hour glass sands of time 
have sifted through scores of 
years since Georgia's Golden Isles 
cushioned the heavy steps of pirate 
seamen, hid the skull and crossbone 
jack of a 'Blackbeard or Abraham' 
and buried into legend the buccaneer 
treasures. 

Clubs are formed. ..excursions 
planned. ..in hopes of finding these 
treasures. But could it be they can't 
see the treasure for their golden illu- 
sion? Land lubbers from far and near 
come and search the ageless sands 
around this shoreline which has 
sprung a city of industrial develop- 
ment, Brunswick. 

With bent back the gold seekers 
fail to discover the treasure that 
clothes, feeds, houses and provides 
employment and recreation for thou- 
sands. Yes, Georgia's Gold Coast 
is filled with an endless number of 



acres of pines which have brought 
Georgia world prestige in naval 
stores, national recognition in fire 
control and reforestation, and a 
leader in commercial forest land 
acreage and annual timber produc- 
tion in the South. Georgia's buried 
treasure has grown into an industry 
that can be seen and had by every- 
one. 

There are those who have been 
able to see beyond the bark and re- 
cognize the great potential of our 
forests. At the turn of the century 
Brunswick's wood-using industries 
included several lumber and plan- 
ing mills, a barrel factory, and a tur- 
pentine still manufacturing plant. 

Today, the world's largest navaj 
stores and paper size plant is lo- 
cated here. The Hercules Powder 
Plant, in 1920, purchased the Yaryan 
Rosin and Turpentine plant and now 



Photo by Brunswick Pulp and Paper 




■mploys over 1,000 persons in its 
ocal mill and some 400 workers in 
ts woods camps. 

The total payroll of this company 
exceeded seven million dollars in 
960, with plans to enlarge their re- 
;earch facilities at a cost of more 
han $60,000. Hercules last year 
onsamed 18,000 carloads of pine 
tumps in their production of paper, 
ierfumes, paint, pine oil, rosin, tur- 
>entine, soap, and insecticides. In 
iddition, Hercules spent over 
3,000,000 in freight and approxi- 
mately the same amount in raw ma- 
erials. Services and materials cost 
he company some $330,000. Area 
iaxes accounted for another $294,000. 

Brunswick's second largest wood- 
ising industry came in 1936 as a 
esult of the discovery for making 
>aper pulp from slash pine. The 
Jrunswick Pulp and Paper Co., the 
>nly 100 percent bleached sulphate 
nulp mill in the country, has in- 
reased its number of employees 
rom 317, in 1938, to the present 
otal of 730. The Brunswick mill, 
wned jointly by Scott Paper Co. and 



Mead Corp., has an annual payroll of 
more than $4,300,000 for plant em- 
ployees. 

Last year Brunswick Pulp and 
Paper spent $1,323,199 for freight 
and trucking and another $5,110,177 
for raw materials. In addition, taxes 
took a total of $372,652. Plans now 
call for expanding the facilities at a 
cost of more than $35 million. This 
is larger than all past industrial in- 
vestments in Glynn Co. 

The Georgia Creosoting Company 
has been a leader for many years in 
the production of treated timbers 
such as crossties, piling and utility 
poles. Last year the company was 
sold to the Escambia Treating Co. 
of Pensacola, Fla. and adopted the 
name of Georgia Creosoting Corp. 
The corporation uses an annual 
volume of 1,200,000 board feet and 
works some 60 employees. 

Other wood-using industries in 
Glynn County have payrolls totaling 
$1,069,200. These companies, which 
produce cabinets, lumber, sash and 
doors, furniture and poles utilized 
some 7,797,558 board feet of saw- 




timber and 5,000 cords of pulpwood 
in I960. 

Brunswick's trade area, Camden, 
Mcintosh and Wayne Counties, are 
also thriving wood producing com- 
munities. Combined, their payrolls 
total $3,607,253 for over 3,500 em- 
ployees. From this total it is esti- 
mated that over $550,000 is fed into 
Brunswick and Glynn County. 

In I960, Brunswick's trade area 
had 108 naval stores producers work- 
ing 119 crops that produced some 
25,950 barrels of rosin. Glynn 
County's 173,500 forest acres have 
a net volume of 2,327 cords of pulp- 
wood and approximately 405,000,000 
board feet of sawtimber according to 
a recent preliminary survey report by 
the U. S. Forest Service. Amount 
spent for raw products amounted to 
approximately $6,625,200. 

The effective buying income of 
the 2,190 wood-using employees 
averages $4,690 per person. This is 
in comparison to the $3,343 average 
of the remaining 13,334 employees 
in Brunswick and Glynn County. The 
per capita buying income is $1,341. 
The buying income for I960 was 
$56,254,000 and the retail sales were 
$56,150,121. 

Georgia's Gold Coast is definitely 
rich in natural resources which play 
an important role in Georgia's 
$930,000,000 forestry business. Yet 
we have barely tapped the surface of 
a gold mine that must be properly 
developed and managed to meet the 
demands of need and competition in 
the future. 

Unlike the pirates of yore we must 
not fondle our treasure through our 
finger tips but grasp the roots of op- 
portunity that lie ahead of us by 
taking advantage of research facili- 
ties, seeking available forest man- 
agement services and through in- 
dividual cooperation maintain and 
improve Georgia's forestry program 
that today is second to none. 

By Rip Fontaine 



Georgia Forestry 



CERTIFIED SEED 



GROWN 
IN 
GEORGIA 



KNOWN 
PEDIGREE 



KNOWN 
PERFORMANCE 



T 



he vast size of America's tree planting pro- 
gram has amplified the need for high quality 
seed. In Georgia, where one and a half 
billion trees have been planted, the problem has 
been magnified, according to Ray Shirley, di- 
rector, Georgia Forestry Commission. 

The Georgia seed certification program was 
developed during 1956 to meet the challenge of providing high quality plant- 
ing stock, Shirley said. The immediate objective of the program was to raise 
the quality of seed currently being used, thus improving stands being esta- 
blished. Sanford Darby, Commission Reforestation Chief, added that the ul- 
timate objective is to make available and maintain a source of high quality 
seed and propagation material of genetic superiority. 

The Georgia certification program is simple in structure and yet ample to 
accomplish the desired results, Darby added. It has established a precedent 
whereby other states, given necessary leadership, have established similar 
programs. Certification of forest tree materials, seed and scion, should be 
accomplished throughout America in the future. 

Initially, the Seed Certification Committee, with Georgia Chapter, Society 
of American Foresters, was called upon to study the advisability of initiating 
such a program. The committee, provided with the necessary legal tools, was 
directly responsible for the programs development. Officials of the College 
of Agriculture, University of Georgia, were authorized to provide for seed 
certification and the Georgia Crop Improvement Association was designated, 
by law, as the certifying agent. The Georgia law and designated agency had 
techniques developed for certifying agricultural and horticultural plants but 
not commercial forest trees. This committee developed a firm set of stand- 
ards and presented them to the legal certifying agency. 

The certification program, from this point, became the responsibility of the 
G.C.I. A. This association is a private, non-profit organization, whose aim is 
the upgrading of various crops. The association administers all certification 
activities. This organization is composed of six commodity groups and a 
board of directors. The commodity committee on tree seed is composed of 
leading foresters and geneticists. This group periodically meets to study the 
standards to determine if changes are necessary. Recommended changes are 
made to the board of directors, giving the program the necessary flexibility 
to meet changing conditions. 

Under Georgia standards, seed are certified as Class I, II, and III. Class 
I is reserved for seed produced from progeny-tested clones in seed orchards 
or from controlled pollinations of progeny-tested elite trees. Class II includes 
seed from seed orchards prior to completion of progeny tests, and open-pol- 
linated seed from progeny-tested elite trees. Class III seeds are from seed 
production areas or from open-pollinated plus trees. An isolation strip is 
required for all production except where controlled pollination is used. 

The landowner, company or government agency desiring to become a pro- 
ducer of certified seed has its areas selected, marked and brought to the 
class standards. He then files an application for inspection with the associa- 
tion and tenders the required payment. The first inspection must be made at 
least 21 months prior to the initial cone collection. This is insurance against 
contaminating pollen. A second inspection is required immediately prior to 
cone collection, at which time the inspector will make a confidential estimate 
of production. The producer is subject to spot inspection of the cones or 
seed during collection and processing. The seed must be extracted and 
cleaned in an approved plant. 

Inspectors are graduate foresters with special training to qualify them for 
this work. They will insure that the "Blue Tag" of Georgia certified seed, 
with its guaranteed quality for the buyer and premium price to the producer, 
will sell the program of "all trees from seed of known genetic quality." 



* 



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This magazine congratulates sev- 
eral members of the Commission 
family who have, in recent months, 
proved that they know how to cope 
with danger by quickly moving into 
an emergency situation with calm- 
ness, intelligence and oftentimes 
courage. 

Take, for instance, Thurman 
McDonald of Alma, veteran pilot of 
the Eighth District. 

While circling over a 40-acre fire 
near St. George, he spotted a tractor 
operator in real trouble and landed 
his plane on a highway and ran 300 
yards to rescue the trapped man. 

The fire-fighter, Vess Yeoman, 
was plowing a fire break when the 
wind suddenly changed. "I saw him 
try to back up his tractor," the pilot 
said, "but it got hung on a stump ... 
I saw the flames come back on him 
and cover the tractor and then he 
staggered out of the smoke and fell 
to the ground." 

McDonald said, "nobody else 
could get to him, so I decided to 
take a chance." Following the res- 
cue, the pilot radioed a landing 
field at Folkston to have an ambu- 
lance stand by to take the severely 
burned man to a hospital. 

"I felt mighty relieved when it 
was over." McDonald said. "I 
could've clipped a powerline and 



that would've been all." 

Another man who showed up on 
the spot when help was needed was 
B. S. Booth, district ranger at Way- 
cross. 

During an early morning rainstorm, 
a bus overturned on a highway near 
his city and Booth called the state 
patrol and ambulances before rush- 
ing to the scene. With a jack, he 
assisted in freeing a sailor who was 
pinned under a seat of the bus. He 
also carried four other victims of the 
wreck to a hospital. 

T. M. Strickland, Richmond County 
ranger, did some fast thinking re- 
cently when a big valve at a pro- 
pane bulk plant began spraying gas 
over the area. He called nearby 
schools and other institutions to 
alert them for possible evacuation 
and notified civil defense units and 
radio stations. 

The Richmond ranger and his per- 
sonnel then blocked off a section of 
the neighborhood and began direct- 
ing traffic around the danger area. 
Fortunately, workmen were able to 
shut off the gas and prevent a possi- 
ble holocaust. 

When a recent spring tornado sud- 
denly dipped down in the Ringgold 
area and leveled several barns and 
poultry houses and damaged farm 




Strickland 




homes, it was Fred Baker and other 
personnel of the Rome district office 
who moved in for the initial salvage 
operations. 

The foresters removed fallen trees 
from roads, helped direct traffic and 
moved livestock and chickens to 
shelter from the debris of wrecked 
farm buildings. They also helped 
move feed and grains to shelter. 

The clouds were dark and the 
ceiling was low on the day it was 
reported that a private plane from a 
neighboring state was feared lost 
somewhere in Cherokee County. 

A Georgia Forestry Commission 
plane later spotted the wreckage 
near the fire lookout tower on Pine 
Log Mountain and a radio call sent 
Cherokee Ranger James E. Kelly 
hurrying to the scene. 

Kelly was the first on the scene 
but soon had help in recovering the 
body of the dead pilot from the twist- 
ed wreckage of the aircraft. 

These are recent examples of 
Forestry Commission personnel tak- 
ing over in emergencies. Many have 
had extensive training in Civil De- 
fense rescue work, first aid proce- 
dures and other life-saving drills. 

Contrary to widespread belief, 
they are more than just "woods 
fire-fighters." 





Booth 



McDonald 




Gum Men Honored 



Five Southeastern Forest Conser- 
vationists, two from Georgia, were 
recently cited for outstanding con- 
tributions made in gum naval stores 
and forestry in Georgia and the na- 
tion. 

The recepients of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission award were 
Judge Harley Langdale, ATFA presi- 
dent since 1936, Valdosta; Milton S. 
Briggs, Alexandria, Va.; Elmo L. 
Patton, New Orleans, La.; George 



P. Shingler, Lake City, Fla, ; and 
K. S. Varn, Waycross. The awards 
were presented at the 25th annual 
meeting of the ATFA in Valdosta. 
Commission Director Ray Shirley, 
in presenting the awards, lauded 
Langdale, for his leadership in or- 
ganizing the gum naval stores farmers; 
Briggs, for improving market and 
price structure of gum naval stores 
for the past 25 years; Patton, a 
designer of naval stores equipment; 



prom left to right are Harley Langdale, 
M. S. Briggs, A. R. Shirley, G. P. 
Shingler, C. M. Jordan, P. L. Patton 
and K. S. Varn. 



Shingler, for development of present 
day naval stores processing and 
Varn as operator and co-owner of the 
first modern naval stores processing 
plant. 

The annual meeting was highlight- 
ed by the crowning of Lucille Pitt- 
man, Helena, Miss Turpentine, 1961. 
Miss Pittman, 18, is a South Georgia 
College Freshman. 

Approximately 1,200 delegates 
attended the convention at which the 
present slate of officers were re- 
elected. They include President 
Harley Langdale, Valdosta; Vice- 
President R. M. Newton, Wiggins, 
Miss.; and Secretary-Treasurer Mrs. 
Ora Hemmingway, Valdosta. Downing 
Musgrove, Homerville, was named 
ATFA manager. 



Weight- Volume Study Completed 



Density and moisture content are 
major factors affecting weight of 
sawlogs according to a recent weight- 
volume study. The project was 
jointly conducted by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Georgia Forest 
Research Council, and the South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Station. 

Weight gives an accurate measure 
of cubic foot volume and, within wide 
limits, a measure of board foot 
volume for pine sawlogs in Georgia. 
Since board foot measure is greatly 
affected by log size, weight conver- 
sions to board feet should be ad- 
justed to account for log size. The 
data presented in the report permits 
either buyer or seller to make these 
calculations and arrive at mutually 
equitable values. 

This system deviates from straight 
weight scaling in that diameters are 
used to modify weight. To be even 
more effective, as a basis for price 
determination it should further be 
modified by log grading. 

For any given mill actual mill data 
would result in more realistic values 
because they would be based on utili- 
zation practices and other factors 
peculiar to that mill. 

The report revealed that when 
variations and factors are lumped 
together green weights increase from 
approximately 55 pounds per cubic 
foot in butt logs to 60 pounds per 
cubic foot in top logs. The varia- 



tions include density, moisture con- 
tent and bark weight. However, the 
variation, by specie and location, is 
small and weight difference is modest. 

If the cubic foot were the standard 
measure in pricing forest products, a 
conversion to weight would be simple 
and reasonably accurate. In most 
instances, however, the board foot 
serves as the measure in marketing of 
wood products. Therefore, a weight 
conversion is needed. 

Using a board foot conversion, the 
report revealed that a ton of large 
logs will usually produce more lum- 
ber than a ton of small logs. This is 
due to higher percentage of bark resi- 
due, slabs, edgings, sawdust and more 
taper. 

An analysis showed that differences 
between weight-board-foot relation- 
ships of loblolly and shortleaf pine 
were so small that they could be 
summarized together. Slash and long- 
leaf pine were fairly close and could 
possibly be combined but not with 
loblolly and shortleaf pine. 

The variability in unit weight of 
logs of comparable size indicates a 
close agreement on the basis of cubic 
foot measure but a wide spread when 
converted to board foot measure. 
Since the variations are more man- 
made than natural, the values should 
be widely applicable in the southern 
pine territory if adjusted by species 
and average log size. 



Weight has been the unit of mea- 
sure for a number of mills buying 
pulpwood in the Southeast for a num- 
ber of years. Weight may eventually 
replace stick scaling for most round 
timbers including poles, piling, and 
even fence post. An advantage in 
weight scaling is that truckload 
weight factors can be used for in- 
ventory control. Inventory control 
by weight would, it is believed, be 
equally effective for other round tim- 
bers. 

Many sawmills are looking for ways 
to utilize the whole tree. Markets 
are now available for most forms of 
residue, but bark is the hardest to 
move profitably. For those interest- 
ed in bark as a fuel, and mulching 

material, the data on pounds of bark 
per thousand feet of lumber offer a 
quick conversion factor. 

Governor Ernest Vandiver made 
funds available for the study through 
the Georgia Forest Research Council. 
Members of the Georgia Farm Bureau, 
headed by John Duncan, requested 
that the study be initiated in an 
effort to standardize sawlog weights. 

General supervisor of the project 
was Rufus H. Page, assistant chief, 
Division of Forest Utilization Re- 
search, USFS. Assisting Page were 
Paul Bois and Joe Saucier, wood 
technologists for the Forestry Com- 
mission and USFS. 



New Nursery Program Initiated 



Georgia Forestry 



Some 90,000,000 seedlings are 
being grown in state nurseries in 
1961-62, announced Georgia Forestry 
Commission Director Ray Shirley. 
The reduction in production is due to 
the elimination of the Soil Bank pro- 
gram, Shirley said. 

A nursery program has been initiat- 
ed whereby seedlings have been 
planted for bed-run shipment. The 
Commission, last year, found that 
disease-free, bed-graded stock is 
superior to table-graded seedlings 
and should have 10-15 percent better 
survival. 

To grow high quality trees, seed 
bed density has been reduced from 
1,000,000 seedlings per acre to 
715,000 per acre. The additional 
growing space will produce less 



culls, control height and increase 
diameter growth which will result in 
a short stocky plant with a balanced 
root-top ratio. 

Sanford Darby, Reforestation chief, 
stated that the nursery soil manage- 
ment program calls for soil tests, 
giving field fertility levels; planting 
sized seed, effective irrigation con- 
trol, root pruning and a rigid spray- 
ing program for fusiform rust. Darby 
pointed out that the seedlings will 
be sprayed twice weekly to insure 
that landowners receive disease-free 
stock. In addition, the seedlings 
will be sprayed after each rain. The 
soil has been fumigated to eliminate 
root rot and damping-off disease and 
nematodes. 

Prior to lifting the trees will be in- 



spected and all undersized and di- 
seased trees removed. The high 
quality disease-free seedlings will 
have a top of approximately 8-10 
inches, a stem diameter of '4 inch 
with a fibrous root system 6-8 inches 
long. 

Darby emphasized that the bed-run 
seedlings should survive better than 
the table-graded trees because of 
less exposure of air and sun. The 
1961-62 crop will be packed in Com- 
mission 'wraparound' crates which 
were used for the first time last year, 

Slash pine will account for the 
largest percentage of the seedling 
crop. Loblolly, longleaf, white and 
Virginia pine, yellow poplar, Arizona 
cypress, and red cedar round out the 
planting program. 



The second annual statewide Future 
Farmers of America Forestry Field Day 
was captured by the Crawford County 
FFA Chapter. The contest, held at 
Covington, brought together 150 partici- 
pants from 15 area elimination field day 
events throughout the state. 

The Louisville Academy FFA Chap- 
ter placed second. Counties and towns 
represented were Atkinson, Charlton, 
Claxton, Crawford, Gilmer, Glenwood, 
Hawkinsville, Henry, Jackson, Louis- 
ville Academy, Menlo, O'conee Webster, 
Western, and Whigham. 

First place winners in the various 
events were Jimmy Copeland and Calvin 
Baker of Menlo, planting; Donald Skel- 
ton, Jackson, selective marking; Duane 
Wright, Crawford, pulpwood volume 
estimation; Johnny Walton, Crawford, 
sawtimber volume estimation; David 
Moncrief, Crawford, tree identification; 
and Claude Abercrombie, Hawkinsville, 
ocular estimation. Others included 
Louie Lambert, Gilmer, land measure- 
ment; Wesley Polk, Henry, log scaling; 
Harry Bradberry and James Hayes, 
O'conee, sawing; and Jimmy Goodwin, 
Louisville, pulpwood scaling. 

The Crawford County FFA Chapter, 
directed by J. F. Lowrey, received an 
inscribed plaque and $100 in cash. The 
Louisville Academy FFA Chapter re- 
ceived a plaque and $50 for second 
place. First place winners in the in- 
dividual events were awarded $25 for 
first place and $15 for second. 

Ed Kreis, Vocational Agricultural 
Department Forester, stated that the 
FFA field days gave each member an 
opportunity to display the forestry skills 



STATE FFA WINNERS 
FROM MID-GEORGIA 

Vll-l-i- _ ^ 

-1 *±^fbr* 



V/U. 



I \/l 1 




he has acquired in Vocational Agricul- 
ture. In addition, it gave the FFA advi- 
sors a means of creating an interest in 
forestry for FFA members. 

Wood-using industries in the state 
provided prize money in the area events 
and the Georgia Forestry Association for 
the state awards. Georgia Forestry 
Commission and industry personnel 
judged the events. 



FFA champs, Crawford County, receive 
their award from Harvey Brown, execu- 
tive secretary, Georgia Forestry Asso- 
ciation. J. F. Lowrey, FFA advisor, 
receives the award. Winning chapter 
members are, front row; Johnny Walton, 
Lowell Justice, Terrell Marshall, Hugh 
Rowell and David Moncrief. Hack row 
are Luther Wilder, Bobby Smith, Donald 
Hart man, Duane Wright and James Walton. 





Washington, Georgia 

CITY OF HISTORIC HOMES 



trip to Washington, Georgia is a nostalgic journey 
into yesterday. 

At least, the Wilkes County city provides that atmos- 
phere for those who share a sentimental regard for the 
past glories of the Old South. 

To the insensitive, on the other hand, it's just another 
Georgia town with a courthouse square, church steeples, 
parking meters, speed limits. 

An unhurried visit in the old town reveals that it is not 
only rich in Civil War history, but actually dates back to 
the days of the American Revolution. It was here that 
patriots turned back British forces and 
broke their hold on Georgia. 

The most interesting aspect of present 
day Washington is its great abundance of 
well-preserved ante bellum homes - mas- 
sive white-columned mansions intermingl- 
ed with the modern dwellings, service sta- 
tions and stores along its tree shaded 
streets. 

Georgia Forestry recently visited the 
famous Berry-Hay-Pope house on West 
Robert Toombs Avenue, a two-story frame- 
in Greek Revival. The older portion was 
built with hand hewn timbers and marked 
in the plaster in one of the closets of the 
15-room house is the date 1818. 

Following several alterations, the big 
house was adorned with a Doric colonade 
with six great columns across the front 
and a "widow's walk" on the roof. For- 
mal gardens, with ancient oaks, boxwood 
and magnolias, grace the extensive front 
lawn. 

One of the most attractive features of 
the interior of the home, which is now 




owned and occupied by Mrs. Pembroke Pope, is the 
spiral stairway near the main entrance. Back when a 
young lady named Susan Cooper married into the Pope 
family, the intricate staircase was built on her grand- 
father's plantation in Bartow County and installed in the 
Washington mansion. 

Although many of the original floors, walls and ceil- 
ings are now covered with modern building materials, 
the basic timbers in the old building include massive 
beams and wide planks of oak and heart pine. With the 
exception of some brick, marble, and wrought iron used 
for foundations, fireplaces, and for orna- 
mental purposes, the builders depended on 
the surrounding forests for their materials. 
Down through the years, many visitors 
have stopped to admire the Berry-Hay- 
Pope house. Perhaps the most prominent 
in recent years was Adali Stevenson. 
Across town from this stately home is a 
well-kept mansion in which Mrs. Jefferson 
Davis and her children visited almost a 
century ago while awaiting the arrival of 
her husband, the president of the Confed- 
erate States of America. Down the street 
is the tall-spired Presbyterian Church, 
famous landmark for the past 136 years. 
Some seven miles out in the country is 
Mount Pleasant plantation, where Fli 
Whitney once worked on his miniature cot' 
ton gin in a log workshop. 

If you occasionally like to linger in the 
shadow of the past, you'll enjoy the many 
historic sights of Washington, Georgia. 

District Forester George Collier admires 
spiral staircase in old home. 



Georgia Forestry 



The United Tenth 

"Togetherness" has taken over in 
the Georgia Forestry Commission's 
Tenth District and it's bringing about 
better morale, improved working con- 
ditions and a greater interest in the 
daily life of the community. 

At least, that's the aim of the 
Tenth District Forestry Club, com- 
posed of all Commission personnel 
who make up the 10 units in the 15- 
county area. 

T. M. Strickland, Richmond County 
Ranger and president of the club, 
said, "we abolished the old Rangers' 
Club sometime ago and formed this 
new organization with a membership 
which includes not only county ran- 
gers, but technical foresters, assis- 
tant rangers, patrolmen and tower- 
men. ..and as a result, we believe 
everyone now feels that they are an 
important part of the organization." 

The meetings, held monthly, ro- 
tates throughout the counties in the 
district. The host county provides a 
dinner and a program, usually includ- 
ing an outstanding speaker. 

"The speaker is not always in 



forestry or related industry," said 
Strickland. "He can be a representa- 
tive of any industry, trade, or profes- 
sion, and it gives us a good picture of 
the problems and aims of people in 
other fields. ..It not only increases our 
knowledge of the community, but it 
gives us a greater appreciation of 
the contributions others are making." 

Club members sometime come out 
with helpful suggestions at the meet- 
ings which are considered by the 
group and often adopted to improve 
their work. 

Walter F. Smith, assistant ranger 
of the Greene-Taliaferro Unit, is 
vice president of the club, and Larry 
Edmunds, assistant ranger of the 
Columbia County Unit, is secretary- 
treasurer. A new slate of officers 
will be elected in July. 

"There is one point I would like 
to make clear," said the current 
president. "We pay our own way... 
our own dues and travel expenses... 
The club is of no expense to the 
Commission." 



Fertilization Test Sites Established 



The Georgia Forestry Commission, 
in cooperation with the Tennessee 
Valley Authority, has established 
four fertilization test sites in North 
Georgia, announced Commission 
Director Ray Shirley. The field 
planting test demonstration of nur- 
sery fertilized treated seedlings is 
being made on loblolly and shortleaf 
pine, Shirley said. 

The TV A stated that the tests 
should determine whether or not 
seedlings, produced by various types 
of fertilizer, show any unusual growth 
and survival characteristics when 
grown under field conditions. 

Under the test plan, the TVA has 
provided 1,300 seedlings for each 
test site and stakes for marking 
corners of planting sites and seed- 
ling rows. The Commission has ar- 
ranged for the planting site, seed- 
lings to be planted, and will record 
growth and survival date. Seventh 
District Forester Julian Reeves said 
that the Commission has set up two 
test plots each in Catoosa, Dade, 
Whitfield, and Murray Counties. 

W. H. McComb, Commission man- 
agement chief, stated that each test 
area consist of four blocks of seed- 
lings. There are 13 rows to a block 
with 25 seedlings from one of the 
fertilizer treatments in each row. 
McComb added that rows are rando- 
mized on six-foot spacing in each 
block with seedlings six feet apart 



along each row. Stakes showing the 
fertilizer type are placed at the head 
of each row and at the corners of the 
test plot. 

Reeves added that height measure- 
ment was recorded at the time of 
planting and will be repeated at the 
end of the first, second and fifth 
growing seasons. Survival data was 
also recorded at the time height 
measurements were made. 

The TVA will analyze the data at 
the end of the second and fifth grow- 
ing seasons. A report of their find- 
ings will be made to the Commission. 




Murray County FFA members Lester 
Hill and Larry Loirman plant test 
sites under supervision of Commis- 
sion personnel. 



DIRECT SEEDING 

Increased Survival? 
Less Costly? 
Practical? 

A direct seeding experimental 
area of approximately two acres has 
been set up on the Waycross State 
Forest, announced Georgia Forestry 
Commission Director Ray Shirley. 

Shirley added that the process is 
not designed to replace nursery- 
grown stock. It is to be used in 
areas where practical or where land 
values may prohibit planting by other 
methods. 

W. H. McComb, Commission man- 
agement chief, stated that the cost 
of the operation will be from six- 
eight dollars per acre. McComb 
said the Commission is attempting 
to find a suitable method of direct 
seeding pine, reduce cost in site 
preparation and also satisfactorily 
reproduce longleaf pine artificially. 

At Waycross, slash and longleaf 
pine seed were planted by a farm- 
type harrow and planter, a seedhorn 
(or hand planter.) The harrow and 
planter were pulled by a tractor. In 
the first method the seed were press- 
ed into the ground by a 'flat' wheel 
attachment with the harrow being 
used to expose the mineral soil. 
The hand planter is a pipe cylinder 
with a rake attachment which is used 
to disturb the soil. The rake has 
three mower blades which cut away 
any heavy undergrowth. 

An important development in the 
direct seeding field has been the 
production of a repellent to protect 
the seed from hungry rodents and 
birds. McComb stated that the treat- 
ed seed were planted approximately 
one foot apart. 

Some of the problems of direct 
seeding are control and spacing of 
trees during planting, absence of an 
opportunity to grade and discard 
seedlings of an inferior quality be- 
fore planting and the probable neces- 
sity of thinning the trees before 
they reach salable size. 

Direct seeding is the practice of 
planting seed by hand seeder, air- 
plane, hand broadcasting or mechani- 
cal planter. Extensive research in 
this method of reforestation is under- 
way in the South. The Commission 
plans to set up additional plots in 
other areas of Georgia using long- 
leaf, slash, and loblolly pine seed, 
McComb said. Pulp mills and other 
groups have already used direct 
seeding to reforest some areas for 
commercial purposes. 



Georgia Forestry 



Commission Has Library Facilities 



"An informed public is an educat- 
ed public" is the theory behind the 
growth and development of the li- 
brary facilities of the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. 

Four years of planning and selec- 
tive ordering of volumes pertaining 
to forestry and related fields have 
made this library one of the most up- 
to-date of its kind in the state. The 
spacious facilities are also used for 
conferences with adequate room for 
the use of visual aids. 

The library has 1800 catalogued 
volumes, receives 210 periodicals 
regularly, has available pamphlet 
materials on forestry subjects and 
station papers from Forestry Experi- 
ment stations throughout the U. S. 
A selection of PHD thesis on micro- 
film is maintained as well as out- 



standing reference books and current 
foreign publications. 

The expansion of the library can 
largely be contributed to a seven 
man committee which screens and 
selects books, that are purchased for 
the library. The committee is made 
up of men from the Georgia Forestry 
Commission, Georgia Forest Re- 
search Council and the 11. S. Forest 
Service. Frank Craven, Information 
and Education Chief for the Georgia 
Forestry Commission Ls chairman. 

The "house of books" is headed 
by Mrs. Yvonne Saucier, who extends 
an invitation to professional fores- 
ters, researchers, students and the 
general public to use the facilities. 
Mrs. Saucier stated that the books 
may be checked out for a period of 
two weeks. The library is opened 
Monday through Friday. 



Increased Forest Acreage Reported 



Southeast Georgia's forest acre- 
age is increasing and cull timber is 
decreasing, according to a prelimi- 
nary report by A. S. Todd, Jr., act- 
ing chief, Division of Forest Econo- 
mics Research, Southeastern Forest 
Experiment Station, Asheville, N.C. 

Ray Shirley, director, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, stated that 
the third Forest Survey of Southeast 
Georgia shows that more land is 
growing timber than ever before. 
Shirley added that this increased 
growth and reduction in cull species 
will aid Georgia in meeting present 
and future timber needs. The For- 
estry conditions of SE Georgia are 
of utmost importance to the economy 
of this area and the State, Shirley 
emphasized. 

The commercial forest area, 7.9 
million acres, is four percent greater 
than in 1952 and eight percent great- 
er than in 1934. Since 1934, there 
has been a reduction in softwood 
cull timber from 108 million cubic 
feet to 54 million cubic feet and in 
hardwood from 527 million cubic 
feet to 448 million cubic feet. 

Almost half of the increase since 
1952 has been in pine and oak-pine 
types, land on which at least 25 
percent of the stocking is pine. 
This is a reversal of the 1934-52 
trend which reduced that area by 
nine percent. However, today's 5.7 
million acres of pine and oak-pine 
type still fall short of the 6.1 mil- 
lion acres present in 1934. 

The report pointed out that since 



1952 timber growth has about kept 
pace with timber removal. There 
has been no significant change in 
inventory volume either in softwoods 
or of hardwoods. 

Approximately 4,246,000 cords of 
softwood and hardwood are being 
cut annually. The annual growth 
rate is 4,997,000 cords. In the 
sawtimber size some l,38S,000 
board feet are grown annually. Of 
this total approximately 1,184,000 
board feet are cut. 

Since 1952, the Southeast area 
has gained some 300,000 acres of 
which 152,000 acres is in hardwoods, 
The growing stock in" softwoods has 
increased some 700 million cubic 
feet and the hardwood over 400 mil- 
lion cubic feet. 

A preliminary report on the lower 
piedmont is expected shortly. The 
remainder of the study covering the 
Upper Piedmont and mountain re- 
gions will be carried out during 
June, July and August. 

The survey, which started in 
August 1959, is expected to be 
completed in the latter part of 1961. 
MacKay B. Bryan, Research Fores- 
ter, Southeastern Forest Experiment 
Station, Asheville, is in charge of 
the study. 

The survey is being conducted by 
U. S. Forest Service personnel with 
additional backing of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Georgia Forest 
Research Council, Georgia Forestry 
Association and industry. 



Mrs. Laura Lee 
SPARROW 

Outstanding 
Farm Editor 



In the woods. ..on the farm. ..in the 
tobacco warehouse, the figure of the 
Waycross Journal-Herald's farm edi- 
tor is where there is farm people. 

Sometimes as leader, and at all 
times as reporter, the native of Ware 
County has left her mark in broaden- 
ing the farmer's horizons through her 
forward writing and initiative in dev- 
eloping and working in the communi- 
ty's various farm programs. Mrs. 
Laura Lee Sparrow, 50, has been 
Farm Editor of the Journal-Herald 
since 1950. 

She came with the Herald in 1941 
and was assigned to general report- 
ing. Prior to that time, Mrs. Sparrow 
worked with the Department of Pub- 
lic Welfare of which she has been a 
member since 1937. 

At present, she has a daily radio 
program, Rural Rambiings, and is 
annually the forest 
festival queen 

chairman, an ev- 
ent she helped to 
initiate. An ac- 
tive member of the 
Waycross Chamber 
of Commerce Agri- 
cultural Commit- 
tee, Mrs. Sparrow 
assisted in the 
formation of the 
Satilla Livestock Mrs ' S P arr °w 
Association in 1948. She annually 
serves as rodeo queen chairman. 
The Association awarded Mrs. Spar- 
row, on three occasions, for her un- 
selfish and untiring service to the 
rodeo. The local farm editor also 
assisted in the establishment of the 
Waycross Livestock market. 

Since becoming Farm Editor, she 
has received the Georgia Press 
Association award for agricultural 
reporting, the Georgia Farm Bureau 
Federation award in 1956 and '57 
and the meritorious award to 4-H 
clubs in 1955. On three occasions, 
she has received the Associated 
Press news writing award on fea- 
tures. 

During World War II, Mrs. Sparrow 
was head of the Waycross USO and 
has twice been recognized for out- 
standing community service. She 
was also statewide vice-president 
of the Social Workers Council. 




Seedbed 



■4: 



Seed bed grafting, a new technique 
to improve grafting of scion material 
used in tree improvement work, is 
aeing carried out by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Director Ray 
Shirley announced. The project is 
expected to increase graft survival 
it a reduced cost and speed up tree 
improvement work. This program, 
Shirley said, is being conducted at 
Commission's Walker and Morgan 
Nurseries. 

Sanford Darby, Commission Re- 
forestation Chief, stated that slash 
ind loblolly scion are being taken 
rom the Commission's two seed or- 
:hards, Arrowhead and Horseshoe 
3end, and from parent trees through- 
jut the State. The grafting is being 
lone by trained inmate labor under 
he supervision of Darby and Dr. 
Zlaude Brown, professor of Botany, 
Jniversity of Georgia. 

Nursery beds have been thinned 
;o that seedlings are spaced every 
oot. This enables growth of extra 
arge seedlings which allows graft- 
ng after one year's growth instead 
>f two as in field grafting. 

Darby pointed out that seed bed 
'rafting, concentrated in a relatively 
small area (two acres), allows closer 
supervision of workers, better spray 
urograms for insect and disease con- 
rol, and controlled temperatures 
hrough shading. Darby added that 
his will enable us to make 20,000 
;rafts per year with a minimum 70 
>ercent survival instead of 30 per- 
:ent as in the past. 

Since tree improvement work was 
nitiated in 1955, there have been 
>6,850 grafts made with slash and 
oblolly pine. Of these, the Com- 
nission has 18,000 living grafts. 
The majority of this total has been 
ield grafted (seedlings planted in 
eed orchard and after two years 
uperior scion grafted on to the seed- 
ings.) 

Darby pointed out that field graft- 
ng, on a large scale, is undesirable 
ecause it produces uneven age or- 
hards. Weather conditions and in- 
dequate irrigation facilities account 
1 jr the failure of many grafts. 




r~ .-'-<■' *l'. IT *>: 



In seedbed grafting the root stock is 
selected to match the scion material 
used. An incision of 2" - 2'j" is 
made on an area cleared of needles 
and limbs. 




% 



...The scion is then inserted in the 
incision so that the cambium layers 
of the root stock and the scion 
match. The scion material is shav- 
ed to a feathered end so that it will 
fit snug in the incision and there 
will be no air pockets. 




...With the insertion of the scion 
material the root stock and scion 
are bound together with a grafting 
band. The band is released after 
the graft has taken. After the stock 
is bound the seedling is covered 
with a polyethelene bag which mam- 
tains a high humidity. 



Georgia Forestry 

Fighting Fire . . . 
with sand 

Landowners and foresters recent- 
ly attended a two-hour demonstra- 
tion of a new forest fire fighting 
machine at the Waycross State For- 
est. The machine, a sandcaster, is 
a new approach to forest fire fight- 
ing in the South, according to Ed 
Ruark, director, Georgia Forest Re- 
search Council. 

The sandcaster has been under 
tests by a team from the Southern 
Forest Fire Laboratory and the 
Georgia Forestry Commission for the 
past several weeks. The machine 
was developed by the State of Michi- 
gan and the U. S. Forest Service. 
Ray Shirley, Commission director, 
added that studies are being made 
on the amount of sand it will cast, 
distance the sand can be thrown, 
and its effectiveness on indirect and 
direct attack on forest fires. 

Thus far, tests have shown that 
this machine is capable of throwing 
three to five cubic yards of sand per 
minute up to a distance of 100 feet. 
Shirley said that this represents the 
work of some 50 men. The machine 
moves at a forward speed of up to 
one and one-half miles per hour. A 
high speed rotortype blade cuts a 
trench 26 inches wide by six inches 
deep and can cast sand in any direc- 
tion. 

The sandcaster, which is design- 
ed to extinguish and retard forest 
fires, weighs 6,800 pounds. It has 
its own power unit and is controlled 
by a hydraulic system. The machine 
is pulled by a separate tractor unit. 

Ruark pointed out that this is just 
one of the many new tools and de- 
velopments that are being uncovered 
by the forest fire research staff with 
the aim of helping Georgia's land- 
owners keep fire losses at a mini- 
mum. 




.i - . 
U. S. Forest Service 




MFMORIAM...R. Bruce MacGregor, Jr., 
47, forestry research technician, Southern 
Forest Fire Lab, Macon, died April 25- 
MacGregor began his forestry career in 
'37 as Vogel State Park superintendent. 
From '41-March '45 he served with the 
Georgia Department of Forestry as assis- 
tant and district forester, Gainesville, 
and assistant state forester, management, 
Atlanta. After serving tenures with the 
Southern Pine Assn. and Thornton Realty 
Co., Macon, he returned to forestry in 
Jan. '59 with the Georgia Forest Research 
Council. In July '59 MacGregor trans- 
ferred to the U. S. Forest Service and his 
position at the time of his death. 



St. Mary, Fla.; and 



FIRE PROTECTION. ..Jeff Davis and 
Peach Counties will join 151 other 
Georgia counties now under forest fire 
protection July 1. The addition of these 
two counties will bring the total forest 
acreage under protection to 22,081,213- 
There are 24,000,000 acres of forest 
land in Georgia. Jeff Davis County has 
170,000 forested acres or 81 percent of 
their total land area. There are some 
37,600 acres of forest land in Peach 
County. This represents 39 percent of 
their land area. 




the foresters 



STATE BOARD. ..of Registration for 
foresters has a new member, J. Walter 
Myers, Jr. Governor Ernest Vandiver 
appointed the executive director of the 
Forest Farmer Association to a four year 
term. He is also editor of the "Forest 
Farmer" magazine and the annual 
"Forest Farmer Manual". The board of 
registration for forestcs considers and 
acts on all applications for registration 
under the Georgia Law authorizing op- 
tional licensing of professional foresters. 



MULTIPLE USE 'ROUND UP' THEME... 

Fontana Village Resort, in Western 
North Carolina, was host to the second 
annual "Conservation Roundup", June 
1-4. 

The 4-day "Roundup", was attended 
by top officials, department and division 
directors and others connected with Con- 
servation. The Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission was represented by it's director 
Ray Shirley. 

Assistant Secretary, Department of the 
Interior, The Honorable Frank P. Briggs, 
Missouri, was principal speaker at the 
conservation banquet. 

The theme of the three-day session 
was "Multiple Use of Natural Re-- 
sources". Resident manager O. A. Fetch 
said the meeting provided the conserva- 
tion leaders an opportunity to discuss 
current problems, policies, practices and 
procedures and general management and 
use. 

All natural resource groups in North 
and South Carolina, Georgia, Kentucky, 
Tennessee, Virginia and West Virginia 
participated in the program. 



STATE FORESTERS MEET.. .The Georgia 
Forestry Commission, Macon, will be 
host to the annual State Foresters meet- 
ing Oct. 1-5. Commission Director Ray 
Shirley said that Georgia Governor Ernest 
Vandiver has accepted an invitation to 
speak at the Convention's banquet Oct. 
3. The meeting will take place at the 
Dempsey Motor Hotel. 



RESEARCH PAPERS.. .The Georgia 
Forest Research Council recently re- 
leased two research papers; one 'Pro- 
tection of Pine Seed Orchards and Nur- 
series from Fusiform Rust' and the other, 
'An Analysis of 1959 Forest Fires and 
Fire Danger in Georgia. The papers 
were authored by A. A. Foster and Dan 
W. Krueger and James E. Hefner and 
Theodore G. Storey, respectively. 



OFFICIALS ELECTED. ..Edwin Walker, 
Tifton, has been named president of the 
Georgia Christmas Tree Growers Asso- 
ciation. T. L. Williams, Cordele, is 
vice-president. Secretary-treasurer is 
Bill Murray, Athens. Elected to the 
board of directors were J. F. Hambrick, 
Hahira; Walter Rylander, and Olin 

Witherington, Americus; Sam Rambo, 
LaGrange and W. A. Hartman, Lilburn. 



I & E HEAD. ..George S. James, head of 
U. S. Forest Service public information 
programs in 11 southern states since 
1958, was promoted to the Washington, 
D. C. staff of the U. S. Forest Service in 
April. Southern Region Forester J. K. 
Vessey, said James is Deputy to As- 
sistant Chief A. W. Greeley. He is in 
charge of the nationwide programs of 
National Forest Protection and Develop- 
ment. 




nriTA A? 



Beverly Ann Holcombe, Miss Georgia 
Forestry, 1960 of Bremen enplanes for 
the sixth annual Southern Pine Ma- 
chinery and Equipment Exposition. The 
machinery show was held in connection 
with the forty-sixth annual meeting of 
the Southern Pine Association. Her 
reign came to end recently at the Georgia 
Forestry Association meeting at Jekyll 
Island. 



APPOINTMENT. ..Andrew Brands has 
been selected to fill the position of chief 
of the Cooperative Forest Protection 
Section, Division of State and Private 
Forestry. Prior to his appointment, 
Brands was with the Cooperative Fire 
Protection Section of Region Seven. 
Brands succeeds the late Sam Beichler. 






GEORGIA FORESTRY QUEENS - 
Georgia Forestry presents a few of 
the beauties in contention for the 
title of "Miss Georgia Forestry". 

(1) MISS SCHLEY COUNTY - 
Paula Jo Tondee 

(2) MISS OGLETHORPE COUNTY - 
Robbie Maxwell 

(3) MISS TOOMBS COUNTY - 
Donna Jean Montoya 

(4) MISS RICHMOND COUNTY - 
Peggy Von Nessen 

(5) MISS CHARLTON COUNTY - 
Judy Odum 

(6) MISS MERIWETHER COUNTY - 
Bonnie Simmons 

(7) MISS WARE COUNTY - 
Sharron West 

(8) MISS WILKINSON COUNTY - 
Lynn Broyles 





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MACON GEORGI 





UNIVERSITY OF SEOfiGJA 

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Georgia 




the News 



TREES ARE DURABLE 



14 September, 1961 No. 3 

Frank Craven Editor 

Published Quarterly by the 
GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 
Box 1077 
Macon, Georgia 

RAY SHIRLEY - DIRECTOR 

Members, Board of Commissioners: 
CHAIRMAN 



:. M. JORDAN, JR. 

ANDREW J. AULTMAN 
)SCAR S. GARRISON 
OHN M. McELRATH 



VIDAEIA 

SYLVESTER 
HOMER 

MACON 



ALEXANDER SESSOMS - COGDELL 

DISTRICT OFFICES 
GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

District I- Route 2, 

Statesboro 
District II- -P. 0. Box 26, 

Camilla 
District III— P. 0. Box 169, 

Americus 
District. IV- -P. 0. Box 333, 

Newnan 
District V— P. 0. Box 328, 

McRae 
District VI P. 0. Box 505, 

Miliedirevillr 
District VII— Route 1, 

Rome 
District VII I— P. 0. Box 

llfiO, Waver-oss 
District IX P. 0. Box 416, 

Gainesville 
District X- Route 3, 

Washington 



On the Cover 

The State of Georgia, the City 
if Macon and the Georgia Forestry 
Commission welcome you to the 
'9tlr- annual convention of State 
^oresters. Macon is proud to be 
wst to the first Foresters meet- 
ng to be held exclusively in 
Georgia. Your convention head- 
quarters is the Dempsey Motor 
iotel. 



Member of the 
Georgia Press Association. 

leorgia Forestry is "titered as second 

class matter at the Post. Office under 

the Act of August 24, 1012. 



Reforestation has made great strides within the last two decades, prompting econo- 
mists to look at trees and inquire: Are we planting too many trees? 

An article in the most recent issue of Atlanta Economic Review concentrates atten- 
tion on this particular question, attempting to analyze the current situation and the 
outlook for landowners who expect to receive profits from their forests in the future. 

The conclusion is made that the demand for forest products "will continue to in- 
crease so long as the industrial strength of this nation continues to grow." That, in 
essence, is saying that trees are a durable form of capital, as safe as any other tangi- 
ble thing which may be acquired for economic purposes. The inflationary spirals of 
recent years and the depression of the early 1930's prove that money itself is subject 
to drastic change as far as its value is concerned. 

Reforestation has been emphasized in recent years as a means of increasing farm 
income, and that emphasis has been based on solid factors. Acreage control and 
increased yield per acre in various crops have not required the total acreage which 
once was needed to farm. Likewise, soil conservation practices have eliminated the 
necessity of constantly breaking new ground for productive reasons. Hence acreage 
which once was needed in the rotation system now can be allocated to pastures and 
reforestation. 

It has also been found that forests prevent erosion, and that trees give off oxygen. 
Hence they have value other than for marketing. 

In this scientific age, many new uses have been found for wood, and the paper in- 
dustry has expanded many times. 

Apparently the South is not planting too many trees. 

(From the Moultrie Observer) 



FOREST FIRES 



The benign 'beauty' of fall is misleading. 

Too often the blazing colors of the woods and forests end up just that - blazing. 

The number of forest fires in this country and Canada, for example, is reported up 
considerably over last fall. 

In our own Southeastern Georgia, we have been fortunate, however, with losses 
reported under the preceding year so far. 

But the danger is ever present, particularly with the excessive dryness. 

There have been predictions that this may yet be the worst year for forest fires. 

Only by constant vigilance can we prevent forest fires that are so destructive. 

(From the Waycross Journal-Herald) 



LAZY ACRES CAN WORK FOR YOU 

If you are a landowner who no longer lives in the rural area, you can still put lazy 
acres to work by contacting your local county forest ranger. 

The ranger, as well as the county agent and other agencies are prepared to help 
you plan a reforestation program. They will aid in site preparation, help you choose 
the right specie, assist in ordering your seedlings, and will arrange for a contractor 
to plant your trees. In years to come, they will advise you on the proper management 
of your growing trees. 

Whether you are a landowner who has become a "city slicker" or you still live on 
your land, now is the time to investigate the possibility of making those abandoned 
fields, cut-over forests, and slopes productive through reforestation. 

(From the Twiggs County New Fra) 




■HBfr **"* 







l - To-Gaf forest WkC en 

•4 ■-"■* 



welcorv^e delegates 



Georgia Governor Ernest Vandiver 
will address members of the Asso- 
ciation of State Foresters at their 
annual meeting in Macon Oct. 1-5, 
announced Ray Shirley, director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Governor Vandiver will speak at the 
convention's banquet Oct. 3- 

The 39th annual meeting of the 
Association will attract some 45 
State Foresters and their wives. 
The meeting will take place at the 
Dempsey Motor Hotel. This marks 
the first time that the Association 
has met in Georgia. 

Featured speakers of the four day 
meeting are W. Y. Benedict, charge 
of Pest Control, Forest Service, U. 
S. Department of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C; Mortimer Doyle, exe- 
cutive vice-president, National Lum- 
bering Manufacturing Association, 
Washington; Seymour I. Somberg, 
president, Association of Consulting 
Foresters, Williamsburg, Va.; and 
Dr. Frank Welch, assistant secretary, 



Federal-State Relations, U. S. De- 
partment of Agriculture, Washington. 
U. S. Forest Service Chief Richard 
E. McArdle, Washington, D. C, heads 
a group of Forest Service foresters 
that will attend the meeting. Others 
include W. S. Swingler, assistant 
chief, State and Private Forestry, 
Washington; Jim Vessey, Region 8 
forester and Doug Craig, assistant 
Region S forester, both of Atlanta. 



Shirley added that a highlight of 
the four day meeting will be a tour 
of the Georgia Forestry Center, 
Macon, and the Commission's field 
activities. The group will also visit 
forest industries in the Macon area. 

The Commission Director said that 
Macon Mayor Ed 1'ilson would wel- 
come the foresters to Macon and the 
State. A.D. Folweiler, State Forester, 
College Station, Texas, is president 
of the Association. 




he Georgia 







The signing of two co-op programs 
and the continuation of a third be- 
tween State Departments is another 
step taken by these Departments to 
economize operations and at the 
same time maintain high service 
standards. 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
Director Ray Shirley stated that the 
Commission has entered into three 
such agreements. They are with the 
Department of Health, John H. 
Venable, director; Game and Fish 
Commission, Fulton Lovell, director; 
and the Department of Corrections, 
Jack Forrester, director. 

Cover crop is to seedlings as 
vegetables are to seedlings. ..is the 
new formula being applied by the 
Forestry Commission. Shirley stated 
that the vegetables being grown at 
the six Commission nurseries save 
the Commission the cost of produc- 
ing a cover crop. Shirley emphasiz- 



h 



, 



ed that the agreements also enable 
all the Commission's six nurseries 
to remain in operation and personnel 
maintained on a profitable basis. 

The Commission director added 
that the savings are extended to the 
other departments involved. It saves 
them the cost of buying wholesale, 
allows them to make more effective 
use of canning facilities and enables 
the control of flow and quality of 
vegetables. 

Shirley pointed out that a reduc- 
tion in seedling production enabled 
the Commission to participate in the 
cooperative programs. The Commis- 
sion is producing some 90,000,000 
seedlings for the 1961-62 planting 
season. The reduction was brought 
about by the curtailment of the Soil 
Bank Program and a business reces- 
sion which effected all phases of 
forest industry. 



Under the agreement with the 
Health Department, the Commission 
is providing the Milledgeville State 
Hospital at cost, with tomatoes, 
beans and corn. The fall crop will 
include potatoes. These vegetables 
help fulfill the needs of the State 
Hospital and at the same time, leave 
green residue in the nurseries to be 
turned under and used to feed our 
seedling crop next year. This pro- 
cess assists in maintaining soil 

organic matter, holding the fertilizer, 
and converting the fertilizer from in- 
organic to organic form. 

The cooperative program with the 
Game and Fish Commission involves 
the growing of 5,000,000 lespideza 
plants at cost. The plants will be 
used in the Game and Fish Manage- 
ment program to increase wildlife 
food. Approximately six acres at the 
Page Nursery were utilized for this 
program. 










A third cooperative program at 
Reidsville has been in effect for 
three years. The prison is allowed 
to produce food crops at the Page 
-Walker Nurseries on areas not as- 
signed to seedling production. There 
are some 140 acres in food crops 
this year. The number of acres in 
food production each year depends 
on the size of the Commission seed- 
ling crop. The crops include toma- 
toes, turnips, stringbeans, butter- 
beans, corn , cabbage, onions, and 
squash. 

The prison uses its own labor and 
equipment in working the land. The 
prison cannery will process some 
100,000 gallons of tomatoes this 
year. This is enough to feed some 
2,400 prisoners in addition to provid- 
ing other prison camps with the pro- 
duce at cost. 

This year approximately 220 acres 
lave been put into vegetable produc- 
:ion at the Commission's Davisboro, 



Herty, Hightower and Morgan Nur- 
series. Some 76 acres will be used 
for the fall crop at the Herty and 
Morgan Nurseries. The tomatoes 
and beans were produced on 9 
acres each with 40 acres in corn. 
Approximately 330,000 tomato plants, 
400 pounds of corn seed, and 4,000 
pounds ofstringbean seed were plant- 
ed to this acreage. Approximately 
20,000 pounds of potatos will be 
used in the fall planting on 20 acres. 
From this planting, a production of 
approximately 6,000 bushels of toma- 
toes, 14,000 bushels of beans, and 
274,000 pounds of corn was obtained. 
Shirley pointed out that the Com- 
mission's initial venture in vege- 
table production is proving to be 
beneficial to all concerned. It has 
kept the Commission nurseries in 
condition for capacity production 
provided food for the State Hospital 
and Reidsville State Prison and the 
Game and Fish Commission a means 
of increasing the food for the State's 
wildlife population. 




Mf . 



,i\iC 



San lord V. Darbv 



: ySH 



Gum study results encouraging 




Weekly chipping returns higher, 
dipping cost excessive, minimum 
labor turnover, and overall opera- 
tions comparable to experienced 
crews in quality and quantity. ..sum- 
marized the first year results of the 
Georgia Gum Naval Stores Study. 
The project is being conducted by 
the Georgia Forestry Commission at 
the Waycross State Forest. 

Commission Director Ray Shirley 
viewed the results with enthusiasm 
even though they are based on the 
highest prices ever received by gum 
producers for pine gum. Shirley 
stated that the results will prove in- 
valuable in making recommendations 
to woodland owners, determining 

where naval stores will be profit- 
able and as a classroom for Commis- 
sion personnel. The research pro- 
ject is a practical study adapted to 
the average landowner's use, Shirley 
pointed out. 

Initial results show that bi-weekly 
gum production cost was $26.81 per 
barrell in contrast to $27.42 of 435 
pounds net on a weekly basis. The 
weekly chipping grossed $131-81 
more per 1,000 faces than the bi- 
weekly chipping. The report em- 
phasized that on the weekly sche- 
dule the faces were worked one-third 
higher with less profit per streak and 
higher costs per barrell than the bi- 
weekly schedule. The above figures 
exclude Naval Stores Conservation 
Program cost sharing payments. 

In "dipping" the laborers were 
placed on piece rate of $4 per barrell 
due to excessive costs on an hourly 
wage rate. Working on this basis, 
during the second half of the season, 
laborers gathered approximately 25 
percent more gum on a piece rate 
than on hourly wage. 

All trees were worked with the 
bark hack and acid stimulation. 
Spiral gutters, double headed nails 
and two quart cups were used in in- 
stalling the faces. 

The chippers worked in squads of 
five men. It was found that inex- 
perienced men could be better super- 
vised compared to individual drift 



basis and that no two workers have 
the same ability and skill. There- 
fore, men working in squads must be 
carefully grouped for harmony and 
best results. 

The gum was sold by bid, however, 
the buyer voluntarily paid market 
prices when it exceeded bid price. 

The laborers were employed on 
the following basis: wages, $1 per 
hour; transportation, from pickup 
point in Waycross to the Forest and 
return; housing not furnished; no 
indebtedness assumed or credit ex- 
tended; payment on Friday of each 
week. 

Norman Jlawley, supervisor, Naval 

Stores Conservation Program, Val- 
dosta, and Charley Shea, Area 
Forester, Waycross, trained the per- 
sonnel for the project and advised on 
production techniques throughout 
the year. Foresters of the Commis- 
sion designated trees and areas to 
to be worked. Production techniques 
are based on results of pilot tests 
conducted by the Lake City Naval 
Stores Research Branch of the South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Station, 
Lake City, Fla. 

Shirley added that the project 
should determine if untrained labor 
can be used effectively for naval 
stores. This is provided that wages 
paid by other forest industries, on a 
minimum forty-hour week per year 
basis, can be followed, and net in- 
come is sufficient to make this 
method of turpentining practical. 







Debris fires 
top causes 



Debris burning was by far the 
biggest single cause of fires which 
burned approximately 44,242 acres of 
Georgia forests in the first half of 
1961, said A. R. Shirley, director, 
Georgia Forestry Commission. 

Of the total acreage burned, Shirley 
said, about 17,676 could be attribut- 
ed to the 2,190 fires resulting from 
debris burning. He said records 
showed a total of 5,528 fires in the 
period from Jan. 1 -.June 30. 

Incendiary or deliberately set fires 
were second as a major headache for 
Georgia's foresters during the first 
half of the year, Shirley said. There 
were 909 such fires in the half year 
period, destroying 9,550 acres. 
Smokers were blamed for 843 fires 
destroying 5,124 acres. 

Other causes listed by the Forestry 
Commission director included light- 
ning, 125 fires; railroads, 380; lum- 
bering operations, 63; pulpwood 
operations, 82; recreational activi- 
ties, 358;. and miscellaneous, 543- 

Georgia's campers had the lowest 
fire starting record of any of the 
major causes covered in the report. 
They were held responsible for 35 
fires burning over 7,692 acres. 

Shirley said the Ninth District with 
headquarters at Gainesville had the 
smallest acreage loss, 1,438. Larg- 
est loss in the state was reported 
in the First District, 12,471. 



FIRE PROTECTION EXPANDED 



Jeff Davis and Peach Counties 
represent the 152 and 153 counties 
to come under organized forest fire 
protection in Georgia. The counties 
came under protection on July first. 

The Jeff Davis Forestry Unit is 
headed by Ranger Joe Moore, grad- 
uate, School of Forestry, University 
of Georgia. Peach County is com- 
bined with the Crawford County Unit 
headed by Ranger Jesse Rigdon, a 
forestry veteran of fifteen years. 

Georgia Forestry Commission Di- 
rector Ray Shirley stated that this is 
another step toward our goal of pro- 
viding organized fire protection for 

all of Georgia's 24,000,000 forest 
acres. Shirley added that there are 
now 22,881,213 acres in 153 counties 
participating in the fire control pro- 
gram. The six counties not under 
protection include Baker, Quitman, 
Glascock, Johnson, Union and 
Towns. 

Jeff Davis County's 170,700 acres 
of forest land represents 81 percent 
of the total land area of 21 1 ,840 
acres. The 37,600 acres of forest 



Peach 



yj§ 



land in Peach is 39 percent of the 
total land area of 96,640 acres. 
The combined Crawford-Peach County 
Unit has a total forest acreage of 
182,900 acres. 

The Jeff Davis Unit is located 
five miles SW of Hazlehurst on U. 
S. 221. The Peach County headquar- 
ters is located in Crawford County 
two miles East of Knoxville on Ga. 
42. The secondary headquarters is 
located at the Peach Tower, two 
miles East of Fort Valley on Ga. 
96. 

Ranger Moore stated that the 1961- 
62 budget is $55,916. The county's 
portion is $18,637. The budget for 
the combined unit is $22,846, 

$5,065.70 of which is paid by Peach 
County. This includes monies spent 
for the purchase of equipment. The 
Crawford County portion is $5,396.64. 

The program is financed two-thirds 
by state funds and one-third by the 
county. When combined, the coun- 
ties one-third is divided according 
to acreage. The state assumes the 
cost of new tower construction. 



Jeff 
Davis 




FOREST ACREAGE ON INCREASE 



Increased pine and hardwood vo- 
lume coincides with the upward trend 
in forest acreage in Central Georgia 
according to a recent U. S. Forest 
survey. 

Pine and oak-pine types, which 
now occupy 4,800,000 acres, are in- 
creasing at the rate of 55,000 acres 
per year in the 49-county area. This 
is ten times the increase rate be- 
tween 1936 and 1952. Since 1952, 
forest acreage has increased 11 per- 
:ent. The total commercial forest 
icreage is 7,413,100 acres. 

Ray Shirley, director, Georgia 
T orestry Commission, said the Cen- 



tral Georgia survey indicates the 
availability of raw material for in- 
dustries interested in locating in the 
area. Shirley added that the trend is an 
indication of the value that Georgia 
landowners of today place upon their 
forested areas. 

The report was released by A. S. 
Todd, Jr., acting chief, Division of 
Forest Economics Research, South- 
eastern Forest Experiment Station, 
Asheville, N. C. 

The report showed that pine vo- 
lume has increased 28 percent, to 2,9 
billion cubic feet, since 1952. An 
approximately 12 percent increase 



was noted in hardwood volume since 
'52. 

The report pointed out that much of 
the increased pine volume is in saw- 
timber size. Central Georgia has 8.4 
billion board feet of pine or 33 per- 
cent more than in 1952. This more 
than replaces the hardwood sawtim- 
ber which has only shown moderate 
increases. 

The survey is being conducted by 
USFS personnel with additional back- 
ing of the Forestry Commission, 
Georgia Forest Research Council, 
Georgia Forestry Association and 
industry. 




The fire fight 








Whiskey, Victor, Uniform, tango. ..a 
Zulu. ..principals in a murder plot... 
the latest hit tunes. ..neither, these 
are call letters of Georgia Forestry 
Commission operated and manned 
planes. 

Some 19 state-owned light mono- 
planes, based at each of the Commis- 
sion's ten district offices, enter the 
fight against forest fires whenever 
extreme fire danger occurs. This 
operation, in addition to fire tower 
observation, is the difference between 
keeping a fire small and letting it 
grow to 'blow-up' proportions. 

Full-time and part-time pilots 
operate six planes from Waycross, 
four from Statesboro, two each from 
Camilla and Gainesville, and one 
each from Americus, Newnan, Mil- 
ledgeville, Rome, and Washington. 
Four contract planes are operated in 
the McRae District, two from Fitz- 
gerald and one each from Dublin and 
Vidalia. 



The jobs created by new industry 
and expansion of others with higher 
incomes makes our forest acreage 
more valuable than ever before. How- 
ever, with this expansion the fire 
hazard in Georgia has increased. 
The Forestry Commission, under the 
direction of Ray Shirley, is conduct- 
ing a program designed to reduce 
this problem. 

There are 153 counties, with a 
total forest acreage of 22,881,213 
acres, participating in the fire con- 
trol program. In 1961, continued 
progress was made toward the goal 
of providing organized fire protection 
for all of Georgia's 24,000,000 forest 
acres. Another 208,300 acres came 
under protection July 1 with the addi- 
tion of Peach and Jeff Davis Coun- 
ties. The program is financed two- 
thirds by the state and one-third by 
the county. A forestry advisory board 
in each county works with the Com- 
mission in determining fire protec- 
tion needs. 



At Commission headquarters, 
Macon, one TBM and Commanche are 
stationed for fire patrol and other 
related work. Specialized personnel 
at the Forestry Center keep the Com- 
mission planes ready for immediate 
service. 'Mechs' Vernon Crouch and 
J. P. Gallman carry out maintenance 
and make annual and 100 hour in- 
spections on all aircraft. 

The Commission owned TBM fire 
retardant chemical bomber is used on 
major fires over the state. In 1959, 
the bomber made two 220-gallon 
drops on fires in Northwest Georgia. 
Excellent results were obtained from 
mono-ammonium phosphate, a plant 
fertilizer, which was mixed with 
water. Again in I960 the bomber 
dropped 3,000 gallons of fire retar- 
dant on blazes in Northwest Georgia. 
The bomber was also used on surva- 
lence missions. 

Under the provisions of the South- 
eastern Forest Fire Compact Commis- 
sion the TBM has been used three 



lird hand 




V. Crouch and J. P. Galhnan 




times on large fires in Northeast 
North Carolina. There are ten mem- 
ber states of the Compact. They are, 
in addition to Georgia, Alabama, 
Florida, Kentucky, Mississippi, North 
and South Carolina, Tennessee, Vir- 
ginia, and West Virginia. 

The Commanche is used in fire 
patrol and civil defense emergencies. 
The Commission planes are also used 
to assist the State Corrections De- 
partment in the capture of escaped 
prisoners and wanted suspects. In 
I960, the bird -dogging of a wooded 
area near Nahunta resulted in the 
capture of two bank robbers. One of 
the captured bandits stated that 
everytime they started to run for it 
the plane would be right on top of 
them. 

On several occasions, Commission 
planes have been used to search for 
drowning victims on the Ohoppe River 
near Statesboro. In addition, anytime 
a plane is reported missing, military 



or private, Commission aircraft are 
put on the hunt. 

The planes, equipped with two-way 
radios and loudspeakers for direct 
ground-to-air communication, range 
over counties in each district invest- 
igating smokes to see if they are 
wildfires or controlled burns. The 
trained Commission pilots are able 
to analyze the progress of the flames 
and the men and equipment needed to 
suppress the blazes. 

Upon arrival of fire fighters, the 
pilots direct ground crews to the 
hottest part of the fire by the quickest 
routes. They are also in position to 
warn and direct to safety any fire 
fighters who are in danger of being 
trapped by the flames. 

In 1959-60, patrol aircraft, both 
state-owned and under contract by 
the Commission, flew a total of 
3,999 hours on aerial fire patrol. 
While on these patrols, the pilots 
reported 833 wildfires, 9,321 con- 
trolled woods fires and 20,300 other 
types of smokes. Many thousands of 



miles of travel by state trucks were 
saved through pilots advising ground 
crews as to the exact nature of the 
smokes. This made unnecessary 
many trips by trucks to check safe 
controlled fires. 

Through the cooperative efforts of 
landowners, industry and the Com- 
mission a drastic reduction in fire 
losses has been obtained. In 1949- 
50, for example, 9,641 wildfires 
burned 291,502 acres or more than 
two percent of the area protected at 
that time. In 1959-60, 6,593 fires 
burned only 51,702 acres, less than 
one-fourth of one percent of the pro- 
tected area. 

Earlier detection of fires through 
increased use of aircraft and short- 
wave radio has made major contri- 
butions. A zebra.. .an animal; a 
tanga...a dance; to Forestry Com- 
mission personnel and Georgia wood- 
land owners they are a vital link in 
the growth and preservation of 
Georgia's forest land. 



Gillis fills top post 



New president named, Miss Georgia 
Forestry of 1961 crowned, awards 
made and talks were presented at the 
54th annual meeting of the Georgia 
Forestry Association. The theme of 
the three-day session was 'From 
This Tree'. 

Jim Gillis, Jr., Soperton, was 
named president of the Association 
succeeding J. Frank Alexander, 
Talbotton. Miss Georgia Forestry is 
Glenda Ruth Jones, Savannah. Run- 
ner-up is Miss Donna Montoya, Vidalia. 
Miss Jones was crowned by the reign- 
ing queen Beverly Ann Holcombe, 
Buchanan. Tenth District Forester 
George Collier received the Associa- 
tion's Outstanding General Perfor- 
mance Award for the district and 
Ranger J. D. Beauchamp received 
the Outstanding County Award for 
Dodge Co. Wilkes Co., headed by 
Ranger T. H. Bullard, was honored 
for having the best fire record. 

J. Thomas Thornton, Mitchell Co. 
farmer-dairyman, was presented a 
Tree Farm Award by Al Davenport, 
Georgia Tree Farm Committee chair- 
man. Thornton's 149-acre farm re- 
presented the 5, 000, 000th tree farm 
acre to be certified in Georgia. 

Golden Pine Cone Awards were 
presented to Lee J. Settel, Ellijay; 
Harold Joiner, Atlanta and Gillis. 
Harvey Brown, Association executive 
secretary made the presentation. 

Eight Georgia forest conservation- 
ists were cited for outstanding con- 
tributions in the advancement of 
forest industry by the Georgia Forestry 
Commission. Recipients of the 

award were Hobart L. Manley, 
Savannah; R. H. White and Hugh W. 



Dobbs, Atlanta; W. Kirk Sutlive, 
Savannah; Robert H. Rush, Hawkins- 
ville; W. M. Oettmeier, Fargo; J. 
Frank Alexander, Talbotton; and 
Burley M. Lufburrow, Hinesville. 
Commission Director Ray Shirley, 
Macon, in presenting the awards, 
lauded the group for their pioneer 
efforts in organizing and leading 
Georgia Forestry to its present status. 

Individual county winners and ran- 
gers are Bulloch, Paul L. Moore; 
Dougherty, Norman Ketchie; Stewart- 
Webster, James I. Lane; Meriwether, 
Ernest E. Orr; and Dodge, Beauchamp. 
Others include Wilkinson, J. L. Stan- 
ford; Whitfield, C. V. Bramlett; 
Consolidated T.P.O., Homerville, 
D. T. Spells; Jackson-Barrow, 
George Davis; and Oglethorpe, John 
H. Buckman. 

In other business A. E. Patton, 
treasurer and Harvey R. Brown, 
executive secretary, Atlanta, were 
re-elected to their respective posi- 
tions. 

New directors are J. T. Strahan, 
Port Wentworth; Holt Walton, Cor- 
dele; Ben C. Meadows, Atlanta; 




Lt . Gov. Garland 
Byrd, Miss Glenda Ruth Jones and 
Miss Beverly Ann Holcombe. 




Jim Gillis, Jr. 

John McElrath, Macon; Stewart 
McCrary, Gainesville; and W. A. 
Stuckey, Eastman. New area vice- 
presidents are Bob Balfour, Thomas- 
ville; and William P. Simmons, 
Macon. 

Speakers and their subjects includ- 
ed C. E. Tyler, Hercules Powder Co., 
Brunswick, 'From This Stump'; 
George W. Varn, Varn Trading Co., 
Jacksonville, Fla., 'From The Liv- 
ing Tree'; Barry F. Malac, Union 
Bag-Camp Paper Corp., Savannah, 
'From The Pulpwood Tree'; Carl D. 
Wheeler, Georgia-Pacific Corp., 
Savannah, 'From The Sawtimber 
Tree'; and Downing Musgrove, execu- 
tive secretary, ATFA, Valdosta, 
'From My Trees'. 

Reports on 'Georgia Forestry' were 
given by Shirley; Ed Ruark, director, 
Georgia Forest Research Council, 
Macon; Allyn M. Herrick, dean, 
School of Forestry, University of 
Georgia, Athens; and C. Dorsey 
Dyer, project leader, Agricultural 
Extension Service, Athens. 



Tree Standards adopted 



Christmas Tree Standards recently 
adopted by the Georgia Christmas 
Tree Growers Association indicate 
that Georgians will be receiving 
fresh, clean, and healthy Georgia 
grown trees in Dec, 1961. 

Association president, Edwin 
Walker, Tifton, said that all trees 
bearing the Association label or sold 
under the Association's name must 
have been grown by a member in good 
standing. Walker added that the 



standards set are minimum and that 
the overall stock should be of higher 
quality than the standards set. 

The standards place emphasis on 
density, taper, foliage and bundling 
of trees for shipment. Trees with 
less than 40 percent taper must be 
one foot taller than the size class in 
which it is placed; the tree taper 
must be between 30 to 90 percent; 
browning of the foliage cannot exceed 
10 percent of tree height; and three 



of the four faces of the tree must be 
full. When shipped the number of 
trees per bundle is determined by 
tree height (three feet and under, 
six per bundle; eight feet and larger, 
one per bundle). 

Walker pointed out that the Asso- 
ciation's main objective is to put 
Georgia grown trees on a competitive 
basis with northern species. The 
establishment of the above stan- 
dards is a step in that direction, 
Walker added. 



FOREST LEADERS RECOGNIZED 




J. T. Stubbs of Lanier, prominent 
Bryan County naval stores producer 
and agricultural leader, grew up in 
>he "turpentine business." 

As a child, he helped his father 
hack faces, nail cups, carry dip buc- 
kets and attend to the many other 
chores associated with a gum opera- 
tion. 

By the time he finished high 
school, however, he decided he would 
be more content in the law profession. 
He attended Macon's Mercer Univer- 
sity and studied some law at that 
school. But he couldn't forget those 
youthful years spent in the great pine 
forests of South Georgia and he was 
soon back in Bryan County and in the 
naval stores business for himself. 

As the years rolled by, Stubbs 
accepted the new techniques of naval 
stores operations and carried out all 
the practices of modern forestry to 
make his forests yield some of the 
best crude gum, pulpwood, sawlogs 
and veneer timber in this state. 

This summer, Stubbs was presented 
a statewide award for his contribu- 
tion to and promotion of good forestry 
in Georgia. 

The landowner, who along with his 
brother manages some 4,200 acres of 
pine forests, was presented a plaque 
by Commission Director Ray Shirley 
at the annual Governor's Awards Ban- 
quet in Atlanta. 

The presentation was included in a 
program sponsored by the Georgia 
Sportsmen's Federation and the 
Sears Roebuck Foundation to recog- 
nize the state's outstanding leaders 
in all phases of conservation. 

Shirley also presented awards to 
five other Georgians who have made 
outstanding contributions to forestry 
on the regional level. 

J. E. Baynard, editor of the Jeff 
Davis County Ledger at Hazlehurst, 
was honored for his continued promo- 
tion of good forestry through the 
press. He has published a special 
"Keep Green" edition each summer 
the past 13 years and was instrumen- 
tal in the establishment of a Jeff 
Davis forestry unit, which went into 
operation in July. 

Oscar Garrison of Homer, promi- 
nent Banks County lumber mill and 



cotton gin operator, was honored for 
devotion to better forestry practices 
in his section of the state. Garrison 
was also praised for his service as a 
member of the state board of forestry 
commissioners. 

In addition to owning and operating 
a lumber and building supply com- 
pany, Garrison manages large tracts 
of fine timber from which the raw pro- 
duct is harvested for his mill. He 
was a leader in organizing a forestry 
unit in Banks County and has planted 
a large acreage in trees during recent 
years. 

R. M. Reynolds of Bainbridge, 
banker, farmer and merchant, has 
played a prominent role in forestry in 
his section of Georgia. In the pre- 
sentation of his award it was pointed 
out that Reynolds has been connect- 
ed with the naval stores industry 
since 1917. The Decatur Countian, 
former member of the Georgia Senate, 
began his tree planting program 21 

years ago with 100,000 seedlings. 
Since that time, he has planted more 
than two million trees. 

While serving as chairman of the 
board of county commissioners, 
Reynolds was instrumental in placing 
Decatur County under the fire protec- 
tion program. 

Regional winner J. Frank Alexander 
of Talbot County is chairman of his 
county's forestry board. He is presi- 
dent of the Georgia Forestry Associa- 
tion. A former lumber manufacturer, 
he is known for his extensive forestry 
program on his timberlands. 

Alexander is also a prominent pulp- 
wood dealer in Talbot and adjacent 
counties and a leader in the forest 
fire protection program in his section 
of the state. 

H. G. Garrard of Wilkes County, 
chosen for a regional award because 
of his devotion to enhancing the 
forests in the Washington area, is a 
retired lumber mill operator. He 
owns some 3,500 acres of well-man- 
aged forests and is president of the 
Farmers and Merchants Bank at 
Washington, an institution which he 
helped form. 



ill 

Ray Shirley 






it 

/. T. Stubbs 





J. Frank Alexander 




R. M. Reynolds 




life 

Oscar (1 amson 



Wood 

off 
i 
industry 




,-=•"■" 



€ -V 



The headlong drive of Georgia and 
the South to attract new industry is 
brilliantly illustrated in the City of 
Augusta, home of the Masters Golf 
Tournament, where enterprising local 
businessmen put their heads together 
five years ago in a concentrated ef- 
fort to lure a whole series of big 
plants— and big payrolls— to the 
Central Savannah River Area. 

The hard work of Augusta's Com- 
mittee of 100 and other local groups 
has paid off handsomely. The five- 
year figures for Augusta are drama- 
tic: 11,248 more people; $22,420,- 
000 more personal income annually; 
$13,680,000 more retail sales; 

6,612 more workers employed. 

Making a major contribution to 
these eye-opening increases in 
Augusta's economy are a number of 
huge wood-using industries, chief 
iimong them a sprawling new giant, 
the Continental Can Company. 

In operation only since the end of 
I960, Continental Can employs 469 
workers at the Augusta plant and 48 
in its Woodlands Division for a com- 



bined annual payroll of approximately 
$3,200,000. The main plant, located 
on 2,600 acres off Old Savannah 
Road, turns out 300 tons of bleach 
sulfate board a day. This product 
is used in the manufacture of paper 
cups and plates, frozen food cartons 
and other packaging. 

The Southland Timber Corporation 
opened an office in Augusta in i960 
and is one of several independant 
suppliers of wood to industries in 
the area. Southland employs 20 
persons in the Augusta trade area 
and has a payroll of about $90,000. 
It handles some 40,000 cords of 
pulpwood and 8 million board feet 
of saw timber at a cost of about 
$400,000 annually. 

Nine counties in the Augusta 
trade area play a vital role in the 
booming economic drama, and all 
of these counties contribute heavily 
to the timber using industries. Sup- 
plying 176,427 cords of pulpwood 
in I960 were the counties of Burke, 
Columbia, Glascock, Jefferson, 
McDuffie, Taliaferro, Wilkes and 



Warren as well as Richmond County, 
the home of Augusta. Some 43 pulp- 
wood producing concerns employ 
almost 1,000 workers. 

Experts in such matters estimate 
that every pulpwood truck operating 
in a county means about $23,000 a 
year for that community's economy. 
Citizens of the Augusta trade area 
see scores of pulpwood trucks com- 
ing and going every week. That 
means they literally watch the money 
rolling in. 

The nine trade area counties, 
dealing in a whopping 224,533,266 
board feet of saw timber annually, 
produce a wide variety of timber 
products including rough lumber, 
finished lumber, pulpwood, chips, 
cleats, crates, posts, builders, 
supplies, flooring, framing, sheet- 
ing, veneer, board staves, crossties, 
broom and furniture squares, chair 
seats and frames, and wood handles 
for axes, sledges, picks and ham- 
mers. 

Continental Can was a major 
triumph, but Augusta's relentless 



industry hunters have captured other 
timber using plants, or encouraged 
the expansion of already existing 
plants. 

Southern Glassine Company, man- 
ufacturing a transparent, translus- 
cent paper used in food and candy 
packaging, set up a $2,500,000 
plant, employing 68 workers, last 
year. The annual payroll runs a- 
round $442,000. The Georgia Paci- 
fic Corporation, a big lumber, ply- 
wood and paper concern, has its 
Southern Division headquarters 

offices in downtown Augusta and 
employs about 75 people. The Lily 
Tulip Cup Corporation recently ex- 
panded its Augusta operations. 
Fine Products Company is another 
important plant. 

These big industries, taken to- 
gether, employ about 1,010 workers 
and the combined payroll runs close 
to $5.5 million a year. 

But the big industries are not the 
whole story of the effect of Georgia's 
timberlands on the Augusta economy. 
Playing no small part are Augusta's 
lumber and mill products companies, 
employing a total of around 430 
workers and accounting for a com- 
bined payroll of about $1 ,073,280. 



Nor is the story completed by a 
mere listing of companies and em- 
ployees. Experts estimate that for 
every person employed at a pulpmill, 
for instance, there are four or five 
workers in woodlands or related 
areas indirectly connected with the 
mill operation. 

When Augusta's boosters went out 
seeking industry, one of their main 
talking points was undoubtedly the 
city's excellent transportation facili- 
ties. The trucking and railroad 
industries, while not directly con- 
nected with timber production, play 
a vital transportation role. Accurate 
figures on what timber-using opera- 
tions mean to transportation are 
difficult to compile, but one of 
Augusta's pulp plants had 45,000 

cords delivered by rail in a seven 
month period at an estimated cost 
of $157,500. This is only one ex- 
ample of how wood-using industries 
in Augusta's trade area enrich other 
sections of the economy. 

The Augusta area offers many ad- 
vantages for an industry seeking a 
good place to locate a plant. Con- 
tinental Can, for example, was at- 
tracted by the transportation facili- 
ties and the ready supply of water 
from the Savannah River, a prime 



necessity for the plant which use 5 
some 25 million gallons a day. 

But Georgia's rich treasure of 
forest trees was also a major con- 
sideration in this company's deci- 
sion to locate in Augusta. Continen- 
tal, the biggest single initial invest- 
ment ever to come into Georgia other 
than military establishments, is ex- 
pected to spend more than $5,500,000 
a year for raw forest materials. 

Augusta and its trade area supply 
a heavy share of the forest materials 
used by such operations as Continen- 
tal. The nine counties considered 
as part of the trade area contain a 
total of about 1,218,100 acres of com- 
mercial forest land. 

Richmond County is well aware of 
its woodlands and the economic 
value of timber to the surrounding 
area. The county has long been 
one of the most outstanding sup- 
porters of the work of county ran- 
gers and the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission. The county and district 
rangers work closely in cooperation 
with landowners and wood users in 
the Augusta area, advising on good 
forestry practices and protecting the 
vast stands of trees that are so im- 
portant in Augusta's fast developing 
economic progress. 




Augusta' s hard-working industry hunters achieved a major triumph when the Continental Can Company 
decided to locate a huge plant on 2,600 acres outside the city. The company, with an annual payroll 
of well over $3 million, manufactures 300 tons of bleach sulfate board a day and is one of a 
number of wood-using industries playing an important role in Augusta's economy. 



HAROLD JOINER OUTSTANDING FARM EDITOR 



Recently, a reporter covering the 
ieorgia Forestry Association con- 
ention on Georgia's Gold Coast at 
ekyll Island, was surprised when 
is name resounded from the emcee 
s being a recipient of the Golden 
>ine Cone award. The reporter was 
larold Joiner, farm editor, Atlanta 
ournal. 

The Pine Cone award is the latest 
if many recognitions given the Jour- 
al farm editor for outstanding con- 
ributions to agriculture. The Laurens 
lountian participated in the Interna- 
ional Farm Youth Exchange Program 
iter receiving his Journalism Degree 
rom the University of Georgia in 
952. 



of the Atlanta Constitution. In 
1953, the Army called, and for two 
years he received a background in 
public information work. 

Joiner's junkets from the hilltops 
and valleys of North Georgia to the 
flat lands of South Georgia cover 
some 40-50,000 miles annually. His 
eagerness to know the man on the 
farm, his problems and needs, is re- 
flected in his weekly column. 

Forestry, in Georgia, which has 
grown by leaps and bounds during 
the past decade, owes much to the 
written picture, of not only Harold 
Joiner, but all farm editors in the 
state who have presented the tree as 
an economy crop of the present and 
future. 




Harold joiner, out standing farm editor 

In 1956, Joiner received the first 
)f three awards from the Georgia 
7 arm Bureau for outstanding services 
Agriculture. During the same 
period, he was named winner of the 
lighest award presented by the FFA, 
he Honorary Georgia Planter Degree, 
joiner stated that one of his most 
:herished awards is the National 
i-H Alumni Award presented in 
Chicago in I960. The award is pre- 
sented to 4-H Alumni who have con- 
:inued to work for and live by those 
deals set by 4-H. 

Joiner's interest in agriculture and 
forestry stems from his 4-H days, 
tf'hile obtaining his Journalism de- 
cree. Joiner worked part time with 
:he Agricultural Extension Service. 
Following his tenure as an exchange 
student, Joiner joined the news staff 



/. Carl Adams 

RETIREMENT 

Fifth District Fire Control Ranger 
J. Carl Adams has flipped his last 
flap, plowed his last fire break and 
answered his last midnight fire call. 
Adams' retirement June 30 marked 
the end of a meritorious career with 
the State that began in 1929 with the 
Highway Department. The Montgo- 
mery Countian came with the Forestry 
Commission in November 1943 as 
Ranger I of his home county. In 
1954 he was made Ranger II and in 
Jan. 1 9*S7 he was promoted to Fifth 
District Fire Control Ranger. His 
high moral standing and standards of 
ethics is a tribute to his family, the 
citizens of Montgomery County and 
the Commission. During Adams' 

career, he passed from one era to 
another in forestry. From an era 



when the forest were taken for grant- 
ed to the present where the forests 
are considered a part of our every 
day existance. Adams, on retiring 
recalled the days when he had only 
one tractor and by himself went from 
tract to tract plowing fire breaks, if 
the owners would let him, in prepara- 
tion for the fire season ahead. In 
those days, he remarked, fires were 
flapped out, not plowed out as today 
because the equipment wasn't avail- 
able. 



LETTERS 



Mr. Julian Reeves 

Georgia Forestry Commission 

Rome, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Reeves: 

More valuable than the crops your per- 
sonnel saved from the rains that follow- 
ed the storm week before last, was the 
thought that there is sympathetic help 
available at such a time. I want to 
thank Fred Baker and his crew for their 
very willing help. 

Very truly yours, 

Henry Owings 
Ringgold, Georgia 



Mr. Alvin T. Wallace 
Clayton County Forestry Unit 
P. O. Box 522 
Jonesboro, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Wallace: 

Mr. Robert Reid and I express our grati- 
tude for the prompt response and effi- 
cient work done by your fire fighting 
unit on February 11th when the wood- 
lands of our property were set fire. 

We feel that, had it not been for your 
speed in reaching the scene with the 
necessary men and equipment, our loss 
would have been many times as great. 

Sincerely, 

George H. Smith, Minister 
Fast Point Presbyterian Church 
Fast Point, Georgia 

Ranger T. M. Strickland 
2035 Lumpkin Road 
Augusta, Georgia 

Bear Ranger Strickland: 

Just wanted to tell you how very much I 
appreciated your usual efficient service 
handling our fire. 

You have helped us out many times in 
t lie past and I just want to say thank 
you for everything. 

Sincerely, 

Jim 'Veils 

Southern Roofing & Insulating Co. 

Augusta, Georgia 







Pelham Vo-Ag teacher, M. R. Stewart, fourth from left, explains his state prize winn- 
ing School Forest to the program' s judges and visitors as they admire his sign. The 
Pelham PFA Chapter, this year, won out over 49 schools in the Union Bag-Camp 
Paper Corp. and Georgia Department of Vocational Agriculture sponsored forestry 
program. 



PROMOTION. ..Frank Eadie, Sixth 
District Forester, Milledgeville, has 
been transferred to the Management 
Department. He is heading up the 
Watershed Program in the Coosa 
River Critical Watershed Program 
which is under the direction of the 
Soil Conservation Districts and the 
Soil Conservation Service. W. D. 
Millians, Jr. succeeds Eadie. 
Millians was Assistant Fourth Dis- 
trict Forester, Fire Control, Newnan. 



PROMOTION. ..Dr. William A. Camp- 
bell, research center leader, Athens, 
has been promoted and transferred to 
the new disease and insect labora- 
tory now under construction at North 
Carolina's Research Triangle. Joseph 
Pechanec, director, Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station, Asheville, 
said that Campbell will conduct 
fundamental studies of disease pro- 
blems in the area and plan new pro- 
grams of disease research to be pur- 
sued at the new lab. 

INFO CHIEF NAMED.. .William W. 
Huber, new Assistant Regional 
Forester, is in charge of USFS in- 
formation programs in the South. He 
succeeds George S. James who was 
promoted to Deputy to Assistant 
Chief A. W. Greely. Greely is in 
charge of nationwide National Forest 
Protection and Development. Since 
1955, Huber has been director of the 
National Smokey Bear Forest Fire 
Prevention program. During his 
tenure the program received the 
American Public Relations Associa- 
tion Silver Anvil Award. 



Florida Governor Farris Bryant signs Foresters' Registration Act. The sign- 
ing made the Southeastern Section of the Society of American Foresters 100 
percent in the establishment of such provisions. Other members of the Section 
are Alabama and Georgia. Present at the signing were Don Post, left, Univer- 
sity of Florida professor and chairman, Florida Chapter, SAF; and Frank 
Albert, Manager of Lands and Forests, Southern Woodlands Division, St. Regis 
Paper Co., chairman elect. 




Florida Youths John Morris, F ernandina, 
and Ralph Pacetti, Jr., Callahan, cen- 
ter, are winners of the Continental Can 
Co.' s two four-year forestry scholar- 
ships valued at $1,000 each per 
year. Walter N. Stone, Continental Can, 
Savannah, left; Dean A. M. Herrick, 
School of Forestry, University of 
Georgia, Athens; Dr. C. M. Kaufman, 
director, School of Forestry, University 
of Florida, Gainesville; and J. F. 
Spiers, area forester, Southern Pulpwood 
Conservation Association; made the 
selection. 



JOINT MEETING. ..The Society of 
American Foresters and the Canadian 
Institute of Forestry will hold a 
joint meeting at Minneapolis, Minn., 
Oct. 8-11, 1961. "Forestry's Com- 
mon Frontiers" is the theme of the 
international meeting of professional 
foresters. The three day session 
will be opened by Charles A. 
Connaughton and II . J. Hodgins, 
heads of the SAF and the CIF res- 
pectively. 




A tour of Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion facilities will be conducted by 
the Forestry Sub-committee of the 
Natural Resources Committee, Geor- 
gia House of Representatives. The 
committee, headed by Representative 
W. H. (Bill) Kimmons, will begin its 
inspection either in October or 
November. 




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FORESTRY 






fAF 



Georgia 



Vol. 14 December, 1961 No. 4 

Frank Craven Editor 

Published Quarterly by the 

GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

Box 1077 

Macon, Georgia 

RAY SHIRLEY - DIRECTOR 

Members, Board of Commissioners. 

CHAIRMAN 

C. M. JORDAN, JR. - VIDALIA 

ANDREW J. AULTMAN - SYLVESTER 

OSCAR S. GARRISON - HOMER 

W. GEORGE BEASLEY - LAVONIA 

ALEXANDER SESSOMS - COGDELL 

DISTRICT OFFICES 
GEORGIA FORESTRY COMMISSION 

District I- Route L\ 

Statesboro 
District II — P. 0. Box 2(1, 

Camilla 
District III- P. 0. Box 1G9, 

Americus 
District .IY^P. O. Box 333, 

Ncwnan 
District V- P. O. Box 96 , 

McRae 
District VI- P. 0. Box 881 

Miliedireville 
District VII — Route 1, 

Rome 
District VIII — P. 0. Box 

llfiO, Wavcross 
District IX — P. O. Box lit',, 

Gainesville 
District X— Route 2 

Washington 



On the Cover 

MERRY CHRISTMAS 
AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR! 



Member of the 
Georgia Press Association. 

Georgia Forestry is entered as second 

class matter at the Post Office under 

the Act of August 24, 1912. 



Cruising the News 

FORESTERS CONVENTION 
HELD IN RIGHT STATE 

The Association of State Foresters, which is holding its annual convention in 
Macon, should find Georgia most hospitable. 

Forestry is a greatly appreciated industry in the state as is evidenced by the 
fact that Georgia leads the nation in privately owned commercial forest land, in 
forests under fire protection and in reforestation. Half of the world's supply of 
gum naval stores are produced in Georgia and the state leads the Southeast in 
pulpwood production. 

The value of Georgia forest products last year was a whopping 978 million 
dollars. 

Convention delegates can be assured their efforts are appreciated in making the 
forestry industry the giant it is, especially so in Georgia. 

(From the Atlanta Constitution) 

BE CAUTIOUS.. PREVENT WOODS FIRES 

It has been a very dry fall. Frost has arrived to further dry out the ground by 
drawing the moisture to the surface for the sun to evaporate. Days are often windy. 

This is a dangerous time for forest fires. A moment's carelessness, a match or 
cigarette tossed out of a passing car or hurled to the ground by a hunter can result 
in a blaze that could reach major proportions with weather conditions as they are 
now. 

This is now and is increasingly becoming an area where pine trees are grown for 
profit. These woods fires can destroy years of growth and work and result in 
dollars going up in smoke. 

Be careful in the woods. Don't be the cause of a forest fire. 

(From the Baldwin-News) 

FOR A BALANCED ECONOMY 

There should always be a ready market for pulpwood and it is important to this 
area which has become one of the largest tree growing sections of the nation. 

Newspapers alone use several million tons of paper each year and the produc- 
tion of paper and paper-board combined in I960 is placed at a trifle over 34 million 
tons. 

Since pulp is made from wood, and wood comes from our growing trees as well as 
those in other parts of the continent, it is of vital interest to the people of the 
Southeast that the industry shall remain in a prosperous condition and the use of 
pulpwood and its products shall be stimulated. 

Use of submarginal lands for growing timber means converting to eventual pro- 
fitable use, lands which otherwise might not produce a profit. But to take good 
productive farm lands and plant in trees might not be so profitable as in row crop 
farming based on annual yield. 

Let's keep timber growing and protect it against fire, but not overlook the neces- 
sity for maintaining a good balance on productive farm lands. We do not want to 
see this become a vast wilderness of trees anymore than we want to see this be- 
come a great open country which might easily become a dust bowl. A good 
balance of farm and timberlands is vital to our economy. 

(From the Thomasville Times-Enterprise) 

NATIONAL FOREST LAW ANNIVERSARY 

Georgians have a special reason to observe the 50th anniversary of the Weeks 
Law. The Weeks Law, passed in 1911, was the basis for acquiring most of the 
national forests in the Eastern United States. 

To Georgia, the law has meant establishment of one of our two national forests, 
the Chattahoochee in North Georgia. The other one, the Oconee National Forest 
between Athens and Macon, was acquired under the Bankhead-Jones Farm Tenant 
Act during the 1930's. 

The Weeks Law came into being during a period of change in basic philosophies 
in the use of natural resources , change from all-out exploitation and outright waste 
to the conviction of a few leaders that we must guard and treat with special care 
certain critical areas located and naturally suited for production of water and tim- 
ber. 

The Weeks Law authorized the federal government to acquire lands along the 
headwaters of many navigable streams and encouraged states to control damaging 
forest fires, making it possible for citizens to enjoy many benefits from our forests. 

In Georgia, the more than 770,000 acres of land in national forests are managed 
under a multiple use principle, providing outdoor recreation, timber, water and 
wildlife for the people of this state and the nation. 

The Weeks Law was an important contribution to conservation of America's vast 
natural resources. We are happy to salute it on the 50th anniversary of its adoption. 

(From the Augusta Herald) 



Promotion 
Cooperation 



Georgia lumbermen, faced with 
problems of declining Southern pine 
markets and stiff competition, were 
strongly urged recently to get to- 
gether and promote the fine structural 
qualities of their product. 

W. Scott Shepherd, vice president, 
Southern Pine Association, New 

Orleans, La., told a lumberman's 
meeting in Macon that the new build- 
ing products on .the market are "not 
temporary fads." He called on lum- 
ber producers to turn out better 
quality wood at competitive prices. 

Ray Shirley, director, Georgia 
Forestry Commission, said Georgia's 
lumber business had declined by 
one-third in 10 years. He termed this 
trend alarming and said the meeting 
had been called to discuss what 
might be done to regain markets for 
Southern pine. 

Shirley joined other speakers in 
urging a drive to develop additional 
markets, promote wood use in new 
products and educate the public and 
builders to the high construction 
qualities of Southern pine. 

West Coast timber, Shirley said, 
has made strong inroads in the East 
and recently obtained a seven per- 
cent freight cut. 

The lumbermen themselves, in i 
lively panel discussion, outlined 
problems from their points of view. 
They discussed the need for better 
promotion, better cooperation in 
selling lumber and developing mar- 
kets^ better product from the South- 
ern pine mills and more equitable 
rates for raw material. 

Rufus Page, assistant forest utili- 
zation chief, Southeastern Forest 
Experiment Station, Asheville, N.C., 
told the lumbermen they were them- 
selves partly responsible for the 
decline of their markets. 

He emphasized the need for proper 
wood seasoning. "Acceptance of 



Lumbermen express views during panel discussion at Macon meeting. 



P 




Joseph Pechanec 



Lumbermen Success 



Southern pine by the public depends 
on its performance in their homes 
and buildings," Page said, "and 
its performance depends on proper 
seasoning." 

Joseph Pechanec, director of the 
Forest Experiment Station at Ashe- 
ville, presented a statistical review 
showing there has been an 18 percent 
drop in pine lumber production over 
the past 20 years. 

Citing U.S. Forest Service figures, 
Pechanec said the drop in lumber 
production was not due to a shortage 
of timber. Growth of large saw tim- 
ber is currently about 780 million 
board feet annually, he said. But 
there has been a decline in the 
amount of saw timber 15 inches and 
over. This made up a third of the 
state's saw timber 20 years ago, but 
only a fifth at present. 

However, Pechanec said, the 
volume of pine cut for all products — 
pulp, plywood, veneer, etc.- has in- 
creased 29 percent in 20 years. The in- 
crease in total cut has been accom- 
panied by an increase in timber 
growth. Current growth appears to be 
sufficient to sustain a cut of about a 
billion board feet of lumber and still 
leave room for an increase in the 
pulpwood cut. 



Joseph Liska, physicist with the 
Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, 
Wise, detailed structural qualities 
of Southern pine and said architects 
and engineers need to be convinced 
of its value. 

H. O. Fleischer, another Forest 
Products Laboratory scientist, dis- 
cussed various methods of treating 
and finishing wood in the lumber 
yards. Scientists, he said, have 
found that wood is better than metal 
for some experiments in outer space. 

Alec Skoropat, sawmilling superin- 
tendent for Valdosta's Langdale In- 
dustries, called on lumbermen to pro- 
duce the type of product in demand. 

W. R. Smith, U. S. Forest Service 
researcher, described the remarkable 
qualities of Southern pine in resist- 
ing hurricane and storm damage. 

Max Webb of the Del-Cook Lumber 
Company, Adel, stressed the econo- 
mic advantages of debarking and 
chipping. 

Harley Langdale, Jr., Valdosta, 
called for a "Back to Wood" promo- 
tion campaign to meet competition 
from other products and strongly 
advised fellow lumbermen to coope- 
rate in promoting research, better 
products, better prices and more 
wood utilization. 





-»,-' w^-i* 



D wight Phipps, Oregon; John Beetle, Wisconsin; Francis Raymond, California; Ralph Wible, Pennsylvania; A. D. Folweiler, Texas. 

Georgia Up-holds National Ranking 




NATION'S 

FORESTERS 

AWED 




More than forty chief foresters from 
other states sat under a hot Georgia 
sun one day in October and watched 
with cool professional interest as 
Georgia Forestry Commission per- 
sonnel displayed their fire fighting 
equipment and techniques. 

This was a hard audience to im- 
press. As a group, these foresters 
knew about all there is to know about 
state forestry operations. 

But impressed they were. As the 
Georgia demonstration reached a 
climax with a demonstration of fire 
fighting aircraft, the out-of-state 
forestry chiefs broke into a spontane- 
ous round of applause. 

And when the Association of State 
Foresters ended their 39th annual 
convention at Macon on October 5, 
they passed a resolution praising the 
Georgia Forestry Commission's ".ex- 
ceptionally well planned program." 

The high point of the five-day con- 
vention was an all-day field trip 
through Middle and South Georgia, a 
trip crammed with interesting sights 
for the visiting foresters. 

"A mammoth operation," comment- 
ed Ralph C. Wible, Pennsylvania 
State Forester and newly elected 
president of the Association, as he 
viewed the Georgia Commission's 
Morgan Tree Seedling Nursery near 
Byron. Wible noted that his state is 
also in the nursery business, but not 



on the same scale with Georgia. 

"Amazing progress since the last 
time I was herein 1931," said Perry 
Merrill, Vermont's Director of Forests 
and Parks. The Vermonter was not 
only impressed by the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission's facilities and oper- 
ations, but also by the evident pro- 
gress of Georgia in agriculture and 
industry. 

Georgia's treasure in trees was 
bountifully evident on all sides as 
the state foresters rode buses along 
the highways south of Macon. The 
rapid growth of slash pine and other 
species particularly impressed men 
from the far northern states where 
timber grows much more slowly. And 
two naval stores stands attracted 
particularly keen interest since this 
forest product is almost a Georgia 
monopoly. The state is the world's 
leader in naval stores production. 

The foresters visited the Georgia 
Commission's Arrowhead Seed Or- 
chard, where again the size of the 
operation was the most impressive 
factor. Many expressed amazement, 
tinged perhaps with some natural 
envy, at the equipment provided 
Georgia's county forestry units ~ 
the first line of defense against fires. 
The Macon Forestry Center's mobile 
field headquarters, mobile kitchen 
and other rolling equipment were 
real eye-openers to the visitors. 








Al F olweiler, Austin Wilkins, Tom O'Ryan 



The field trip included stops at a 
gum processing plant at Helena, a 
pulp wood yard at McRae, a FFA 
High School Forest, the Dodge County 
Forestry Unit and the Fifth District 
Headquarters. Fried chicken was 
served from the mobile kitchen at the 
fire control demonstration in the wilds 
of Bleckley County and a steak sup- 
per put the finishing touches on the 
trip at Little Ocmulgee State Park. 

The Association of State Foresters 
were welcomed to Macon by Mayor 
Ed Wilson and to Georgia by Ray 
Shirley, director of the host Georgia 
Forestry Commission. Georgia went 
all out to make the convention a re- 
sounding success, and the effort paid 
off. 

Gov. Ernest Vandiver was sche- 
duled to address the state foresters 
but was taken ill. His aide, Wallace 
Jernigan, filled in ably and delivered 
the governor's prepared address, a 
resume of Georgia's forest potential 
and economic importance. 

Dr. Frank Welch, assistant secre- 
tary of the U. S. Department of Agri- 
culture, assured the foresters that 
the present administration has a strong 
interest in conservation and forestry. 

Other speakers included Mortimer 
Doyle, executive vice president of 
the National Lumber Manufacturers 
Association, who presented an en- 



couraging view of the future in oppos- 
ition to the prophets of gloom in 
forestry. Owen Riley, of the Asso- 
ciation of Consulting Foresters, 
described the problems and aims of 
consulting foresters. W. V.Benedict, 
U. S. Forest Service pest control 
chief, spoke on his specialty. 

The wives of the state foresters 
were conducted on sight-seeing tours 
to Ida Cason Callaway Gardens, the 
Stuckey Candy Company in Eastman, 
Little Ocmulgee State Park, and were 
treated to bridge parties and other 
special events. 

The foresters and their wives 
toured the Georgia Forestry Center 
in Macon, a world-famed forestry 
center which combines the Commis- 
sion's headquarters with the Georgia 
Forest Research Council and the 
extensive research facilities manned 
by U. S. Forest Service personnel. 

Wible, former vice president of the 
Association, succeeded Dr. A. D. 
Folweiler of Texas as president. 
Francis H. Raymond, California State 
Forester, was named vice president, 
succeeding Wible. John Beale, 

Wisconsin State Forester, succeeded 
Kentucky's Gene Butcher, as secre- 
tary-treasurer. 

The Association voted to meet in 
Wisconsin next year. The time and 
place will be announced later. 



The National Association of Transit 
Advertisers was honored with the 
annual presentation of the Smokey 
Bear Golden Statuette for outstanding 
contributions to the campaign against 
forest fires. 

This was the first time Georgia 
was chosen as a site for the annual 
convention since the Association's 
organization in 1920, although 
Georgia and Florida combined as 
hosts in 1931- The Georgia Forestry 
Commission carefully planned every 
day's events for the visitors, and 
made liberal use of training aids in 
telling the story of forestry in Georgia. 
The use of training aids — pictures, 
graphs, charts, key words on cards, 
etc., was one of the devices the 
Commission learned to appreciate 
fully at the Instructor Training Course 
for its personnel in Athens last 
summer. 

One of the U. S. Forest Service 
instructors at that course, Norman 
Hawley, naval stores project manager 
at Valdosta, was particularly pleased 
when he witnessed training aids 
effectively presenting Georgia's 
forestry story. "I'm delighted with 
the effective manner in which the 
Commission is employing the princi- 
ples taught in the training course," 
Hawley said. "I think the presenta- 
tion on this field trip has been mar 
velous." 



Abundant Forests Attract Industry 



Sen. Herman Talmadge, who does 
a good job of managing timberlands 
on his farm and knows what he is 
talking about, predicts a bright future 
in forestry for Georgia. 

"Georgia has merely scratched 
the surface of tremendous progress 
in its timber resources and produc- 
tion," Sen. Talmadge told an 
audience of landowners, industrial 
leaders and others at the Extension 
Service ForestryMeeting in Statesboro 
Nov. 7. 

The Senator said the rapid growth 
of trees in Georgia has lured a high 
percentage of the new industry which 
has located here in recent years. 
These industries, he said, wanted to 
locate near the source of raw ma- 
terial -- wood. 

"We have now the outstanding 
forestry program of any state," 
Talmadge said, pointing out that 
nearly all Georgia's counties are 
now under protection of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission. 

"Timber is the only crop I know 
where, if properly managed, you 
don't have to plant it, fertilize it, 
cultivate it, pick it, poison it or 
harvest it on any particular day or 
week," Talmadge said. 

The forestry-minded audience 

heard William Smith, chairman of the 
Extension Service Advisory Commit- 
tee, W. A. Sutton, Extension Service 
director, and Charles R. O'Kelley, 
state agricultural leader, call for an 
increased landowner income from 
timber in the years ahead. 




DWERmD vn 

Senator Herman E. Talmadge 



O'Kelley pointed out that land- 
owner forestry income has increased 
greatly in recent years and that the 
Extension Service forestry promotion 
program has been of enormous value 
in bringing it about. 

Georgia Forestry Commission 
Director Ray Shirley outlined the 
work of the Commission in fire con- 
trol and management services, and 
called for an emphasis on pine tree 
growing and a stepped-up effort to 
promote Georgia's timber products 
over out-of-state competition. 

Outlining the problems and future 
prospects in their respective fields 
were Downing Musgrove, manager of 



the American Turpentine Farmers 
Association; B. E. Allen, manager 
of the Union Bag-Camp Paper Co. 
woodlands division; Harley Lang- 
dale, Jr., Valdosta, president of the 
Langdale Co.; and Jim Gillis, Jr., 
president of the Georgia Forestry 
Association. 

Dorsey Dyer, head of the Exten- 
sion Service's forestry department, 
presided over the meeting. A barbe- 
cue was served following the 
Talmadge address on the Georgia 
Southern College Campus, and visi- 
tors were invited to. tour the Conti- 
nental Can Company's tree nursery 
and seed orchard nearby. 



Legislators 
Inspect 

Commission 
Praised 



Members of the Georgia House of 
Representatives Forestry Committee 
have completed an inspection of the 
facilities and programs of the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, according to 
Ray Shirley, director, of the State 
agency. 

The legislators had high praise for 
the Commission's "efficient and well 
trained personnel" after a tour of 
the many activities and units in 
Middle and North Georgia Oct. 9-11. 

W. H. Kimmons, Pierce County, 
chairman of the house committee, and 
fellow members also took an all-day 
field trip with members of the Asso- 
ciation of State Foresters while that 



group was holding its annual meeting 
in Macon Oct. 1-5. The legislators 
also attended the annual banquet of 
the Association. 

In addition, the legislators compli- 
mented the Commission for the effi- 
ciency of the various county fire pro- 
tection units. They noted that even 
though a number of fires occured in 
the counties visited, the average size 
was held to three-five acres. 

Rep. H . H. Wells of Oconee County 
is vice-chairman of the Forestry Com- 
mittee and Rep. Tom Parker of Ware 
County is secretary. Other members 
include Roy R. Kelly, Jasper County; 
W. G. Todd, Glascock County; and 
Byrom M. Fitzgerald, Long County. 



Forestry 
Commissioner Appointed 



W. George Beasley, Lavonia, was 
recently appointed to the Board of 
Commissioners of the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission by Governor Ernest 
Vandiver. He succeeds John M. 

McElrath, Macon. 

Beasley, elected for a five year 
term, is one of five commissioners 
who supervise the forestry program in 
Georgia. Other members of the Board 
are Andrew J. Aultman, Sylvester; 
Oscar Garrison, Homer; C. M. Jordan, 
Jr., chairman, Vidalia; and Alexan- 
der Sessoms, Cogdell. 

A staunch supporter of the Soil 
Conservation movement, Beasley first 
began the tree planting operation in 
1938. During the last five years, he 
has planted over 900,000 seedlings. 
At present, the Commissioner has 
1,200 acres in planted pine and 
another 200 acres in native pine. 

Beasley said he. is now taking part 
in the Commission's cull specie con- 
trol program. The Master Tree Far- 
mer added that he is in the process 
of replanting his bottom land in pine 
and poplar. 

Besides forestry interest, Beasley 
is Captain and Commander of Com- 
pany 'B' 878th Engineering Batta- 
lion, Lavonia. He organized the 
Unit in 1955 with a complement of 
nine men. The Unit's manpower now 
totals over 100. Beasley served 
with the First Calvary Division in 
Japan during World War II. 



A deacon in the Baptist Church, 
Beasley is a member of the Franklin 
County Planning Commission, the 
Community Council, Rod and Gun 
Club and is a past Scoutmaster. His 
hobbies include coin collecting, fish- 
ing and raising camellias. 

Beasley received his high school 
education in Lavonia and completed 
a two year Math Course at North 
Georgia College. He attended the 
University of Georgia working toward 
a degree in mathematics. His col- 
lege education was cut short in 1944 
when he went to Officer Candidate 
School. 

A family man, Beasley and his 
wife Mary have three children. They 
are two boys, Jordi, 14 and John, 
10; and a girl, Martha, 13. 




W. George Beasley 



Fire Damage 
Appraisal Taught 



Thirty foresters from the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's ten district 
offices completed a three-day train- 
ing session recently at Little 
Ocmulgee State Park near here. 

Jim Turner, the Commission's 
chief of fire control , said the course 
in fire damage appraisal was taught 
by a team of U. S. Forest Service 
experts from the Region Eight Office 
in Atlanta. 

The Georgia foresters were trained 
in techniques of appraising and re- 
porting forest fire damage. The 



federal government plans a program, 
with the cooperation of state forestry 
organizations, of accumulating sta- 
tistics on fire damage for study. 

Teaching the course were U. S. 
Forest Service personnel, including 
Jim Cartwright, Rip Williams , Cliff 
Faulkner and Austin Hasel. 

The Georgia Forestry Commission 
group, which stayed at the camp for 
the three days of the training ses- 
sion, included management and fire 
control staff members from the Macon 
headquarters of the Commission. 




A new training program designed 
to increase ranger efficiency was 
initiated this summer, announced 

Ray Shirley, director, Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. Shirley said that 
the initial course has been completed 
with five new personnel assigned to 
county units throughout the State for 
further training as forest technicians. 

Shirley pointed out that the two 
month "in the field" training course 
better qualifies the new. personnel 
to advise landowners on the manage- 
ment of their woodlands. It also 
provided the Commission an oppor- 
tunity to familiarize the personnel 
with Commission programs and poli- 
cies. 

The two month short course in- 
cludes training in timber marking and 
cruising, site preparation, control 
burning, equipment maintenance, 
timber management techniques and 
administrative procedures. The 

course included a practical exercise 
in naval stores practices and techni- 
ques. 

Area Forester Charlie Shea, Naval 
Stores Conservation Program, Way- 
cross, was in charge of the naval 
stores training. The personnel re- 
ceived training on factors affecting 
gum yields and returns, cost and 
returns, chipping, installation of 
cups and the NSCP. 

During the training period, person- 
nel observed pulpwood, sawmill, and 
naval stores operations, assisted in 
supervising turpentine crews and 
stood fire watch on weekends. 

Completing the initial course were 
Crawford Cooper, Athens; Preston 
Fulmer, Macon; Dillard Helmly, 
Rincon; John Mixon, Kite; and 
George Turk, Pitts. The Forest 
Technicians have been assigned 
respectively to Coffee-Atkinson, 
Lowndes, Dougherty, Floyd and 
Liberty Counties. 



Rome's Eight 



- iift mw 



$u> 



-£ix; 



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Rome. ..The City of Seven Hills... 
This thriving North Georgia city, 
whose name was drawn from a hat 
and whose prosperity began with 
cotton, is now drawing her economic 
wealth from an eighth hill. ..a hill of 
wood. 

This 'eighth hill' has a lake at its 
summit, streams from which rivers 
are made, wildlife dotting its forests, 
and majestic colors to tempt an 
artist brush. It is a provider for all. 

The hills of forests that look down 
on the floor of the Coosa Valley 
have had an economic effect on 
Rome since its incorporation in 1847. 
As early as 1887, the Fairbanks 
Company went into operation. They 
are the manufacturers of hand-trucks, 
wheelbarrows, luggage carriers, and 
other related items. 

The Fox Manufacturing Company, 
Georgia's largest furniture maker, 
has been in operation since 1906. 

More recently the Rome area has 
become steadily industrialized. In 
the fall of 1954, Rome Kraft Com- 
pany, jointly owned by the Mead 
Corporation and Inland Container 
Corporation, began operation. At 
that time, there were approximately 
600 mill employees producing some 
750 tons of containerboard daily. 

With the addition of a second 
paper machine this year, Rome Kraft 
expanded their operations. The Com- 
pany now employs some 900 workers 
with daily output increased to 1,300 
tons of containerboard. Not to be 
overlooked in this enormous produc- 
tion is the 2,200 cords of pulpwood 
used daily. Approximately 25 per- 
cent is trucked into the plant from 
within a 50 mile radius of Rome. 

Economically Rome Kraft, through 
its employees payroll, pump $5,600,- 
000 annually into circulation in the 
Rome area. In addition, the company 



spends $12,500,000 annually for raw 
forest materials. Still another 

$7,500,000 is spent annually on 
freight by the company. 

Even more important than dollars 
and cents, is the fact that the major- 
ity of pulpwood used in the mill is 
provided by the private producer and 
small landowner. The company has 
also contributed to the protection of 
forest lands in the area making 
available the latest fire fighting 
equipment. The company works hand 
in hand with the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's forest fire prevention 
program to insure maximum protec- 
tion of all forest lands. 

Inland Container's Corporation's 
plant in Rome began manufacturing 
corrugated fiberboard shipping con- 
tainers in 1954 with a nucleus of 
some dozen men. Today the Rome 
plant employs as many as 325. 

Shipments of containers are aver- 
aging about 20 carloads daily. This 
output provides considerable revenue 
to the transportation industry as well 
as to the general economy of the 
community. The large, modern plant 
provides shipping containers for 
customers throughout northwestern 
Georgia and the rest of the South and 
from Texas to North Dakota to Rhode 
Island. 

Other wood-using industries in 
Rome and Floyd County employed 
some 245 persons with an annual 
income of over $618,921 in I960. 
These workers turned out such 
necessities as siding, moulding, 
cabinets, tool handles, caskets, 
surveyors stakes and windows. 
Pulpwood mills, sawmills, and planer 
mills are also included. 

The Forestry Commission makes 
its contribution to the Rome economy. 
The Floyd County Forestry Unit and 



the Seventh District Office, combin- 
ed, employ 18 personnel. In I960, 
these men drew an annual payroll of 
$76,860. In addition, the units 

spent approximately $9,640 on sup- 
plies. 

Rome's retail sales in I960 total- 
ed $62,940,000 for a population of 
32,105. With some five percent of 
the population directly employed in 
wood-using industries, it is evident 
that forestry plays an important role 
in the growth of Rome and its trade 
area. 

The trade area consists of Bartow, 
Chattooga, Gordon and Polk Counties. 
A recent survey showed that these 
counties have a total of 312 persons 
employed in wood-using industries 
drawing an annual payroll of approxi- 
mately $456,150. These industries, 
producing boxes, crates, furniture, 
doors, window frames, dowels, and 
corrugated board, paid out over 
$1,000,000 for raw forest materials 
and in excess of $200,000 for freight. 

In I960, these counties produced 
approximately 61, 615 cords of pulp- 
wood, 38,603,000 board feet of saw- 
timber, 251,200 square feet of ply- 
wood, 8,500,000 square feet of cor- 
rugated board and 3,000,000 dowels. 
Pulpwood and sawtimber production 
in Floyd County totaled 36,137 cords 
and 23,905,396 board feet. 

Rome's 'Eighth Hill'. ..its wood... 
is making itself more widely evident 
with each passing year. Held back 
in the haze of those who refused to 
recognize trees as an agricultural 
crop, forestry during the past decade 
has risen its head above the clouds 
with the assistance of every land- 
owner. The landowners in this area 
can certainly be proud that they had 
a part in making Georgia the number 
one forestry state in the nation. 

Rome. ..'The City of Eight Hills'... 





More than 250 county forest ran- 
gers and district office personnel 
assembled early last September at 
the FFA-FHACamp on Lake Jackson 
near Covington for a two-day train- 
ing session. 

Most of the courses were taught by 
department heads from the Georgia 
Forestry Commission's headquarters 
in Macon. 

The foresters attended hour-long 
lectures in a wide variety of special 
fields of knowledge, including lec- 
tures on news writing, meeting the 
public, making a talk, administrative 
procedures, prescribed burning, mar- 
keting and utilization of timber, ad- 



dling 



vantages of field run seedlings, 
forest fire weather forecast, radio 
procedure, fire control procedures 
and use of tools and equipment. 

The training session also provid- 
ed a fine opportunity for a discussion 
of overall Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion policy by Director Ray Shirley 
and his department heads. 

Shirley described the Commis- 
sion's programs and policies and 
discussed plans for the future. De- 
partment heads described the latest 
developments and plans in fire con- 
trol, management, information and 
education, safety and law enforce- 
ment, reforestation, general services, 
communication and administration. 

Shipping 



Jimmy McFlhannon 

All of the courses were taught by 
men who had attended the instructor 
training school held at the Center 
for Continuing Education in Athens 
last summer. The Athens school, 
taught by U. S. Forest Service 
personnel, lasted a week and was an 
intensive survey of effective teach- 
ing methods. 

The principles of effective train- 
ing learned at the Athens school were 
put into effect by instructors at the 
Lake Jackson training session. Many 
of those who were present for the 
two-day session at Lake Jackson 
commented that it was the most 
effectively presented training course 
they had ever attended. 




Time 



The shipment of Georgia Forestry 
Commission custom grown, field 
graded seedlings is underway. 

Forestry Commission Director Ray 
Shirley said that the disease-free, 
bed-graded stock is being shipped 
100 percent .in Commission deve'oped 
'wraparound' crates. Limited use of 
the crates last year proved them more 
efficient, both from the landowner 
and nursery standpoint. 

In producing the high quality trees, 
seed bed density was reduced which 
cut the number of culls, controlled 
height and increased diameter growth. 
The Commission's quality product is 
a short stocky plant with a balanced 
root-top ratio. 

Shirley pointed out that the 90,000,- 
000 seedling crop is being grown at 



all six Commission nurseries. The 
nursery and specie being grown in- 
clude Davisboro, slash and loblolly 
pine; Herty, slash, loblolly, and 
longleaf pine and Arizona cypress 
and yellow poplar; Hightower, lob- 
lolly, shortleaf, Virginia, and eastern 
white pine; Walker, slash, loblolly, 
and longleaf pine and Arizona cypress, 
Page, slash pine; and Morgan, slash, 
loblolly, and longleaf pine and Ari- 
zona cypress and eastern red cedar. 

All pine seedlings, with the ex- 
ception of eastern white pine, are $4 
per thousand. Eastern white pine is 
$6 and yellow poplar, eastern red 
cedar and Arizona cypress are $10 
per thousand, Shirley added. 

A transportation charge of 25 cents 
per thousand must be added if deli- 



very is by State truck to the county 
rangers headquarters. The minimum 
acceptable order is 500 for each tree 
specie. 

Seedling order forms are available 
from county rangers, county agents, 
Soil Conservation Service techni- 
cians, or Georgia Forestry Commis- 
sion, P. O. Box 1077, Macon. 

Payment must be made when the 
order is placed. Only checks, money 
orders or government purchase orders 
payable to the Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission will be accepted. Orders 
paid by government . purchase orders 
should have vendor's copy with the 
order. 

Assistance in establishing your 
tree plantation can be obtained from 
your county ranger or district forester. 



A PASSING 
TRIBUTE 



Georgia's first State forester is 
dead. 

Burley Matthew Lufburrow, 70, 
Hinesville, died Sunday, October 15 
of a coronary attack in a Savannah 
hospital. A native of Oliver, Ga., 
Lufburrow was the first graduate of 
the University of Georgia School of 
Forestry. 

Lufburrow, who served as State 
Forester from 1925-37, was instru- 
mental in setting the ground work for 
a forestry department that today 
stands number one in the country. It 
was through his efforts that the 
governing bodies and the people of 
Georgia were brought around to the 
fact .that there were "trees in: the 
forest" and forest a potential provi- 
der for industry. In 1951, Lufburrow 
became the State's first registered 
forester. 

Prior to his death, Lufburrow 
served as a consultant to Fort 
Stewart from 1956-61. A coronary 
attack in 1955 had forced him to 
retire from his job as Executive Se- 
cretary of the Georgia Forestry 
Association; a position he had held 
since 1945. It was fitting that just 
this past summer, Georgia's "Man of 
the Woods" was cited for outstanding 
contributions in the advancement of 
forest industry by the Georgia Fores- 
try Commission. 

Lufburrow, a charter member of the 
Society of American Foresters, be- 




LET'S UPGRADE 
FOREST LAND 



B. M. Lufburrow receives forestry award from Georgia Forestry Director Ray Sbirh 

gan his forestry career with the U. 
S. Forest Service in Virginia in 1914. 
He interrupted his tenure there in 
1916 to serve a year as forester for 
the Case-Fowler Lumber Co. 

World War I found him with the U. 
S. Army Engineers in France super- 
vising cutting operations. Follow- 
ing the war, Lufburrow was made 
supervisor of the Black Warrior 
National Forest at Bankhead, Ala.; 
a position he held until 1935, and the 
beginning of an illustrious career as 
State Forester of Georgia. 

From 1937-40, he served as forester 
for the Southern Pine Association 
after which he was employed as pur- 
chaser for the Department of Agricul- 
ture. In this capacity, Lufburrow was 
in charge of land acquisition for Fort 
Stewart's 280,000 acres. 

Among his many awards include 
the Forestry Association award for 
his lifetime of service to forestry 
and the Forest Farmer's Associa- 
tion Certificate of Appreciation for 
outstanding contributions to the pro- 
tection and development of Southern 
forest lands during his service as 
State Forester. 

The 1955 edition of The Cypress 
Knee, University of Georgia, was 
dedicated to Georgia's first State 
Forester with these words. .."No other 
person has contributed more to the 
advancement of forestry in the State 
and in the South." 



The 'upgrading of forest land' was 
the theme of a recent forestry demon- 
stration sponsored by the Dade County 
Forestry Club. The demonstration 
was held at the J. A. Case farm on 
Sand Mountain. 

An 'eyeballing' contest in which 
participants estimated board foot 
volume, a work accomplishment report 
on the Case tract and a tour of the 
forest highlighted the day's events. 
The day's program was concluded 
with the presentation of forestry 
board awards by Frank Craven, 
Georgia Forestry Commission Infor- 
mation and Education Chief. 

Dade County Agent L. C. Adams 
gave a forestry progress report and 
John Sisley, Rome Kraft, a history of 
the Tree Farm Program. Billy Pullen, 
4-H Club member, demonstrated pro- 
per management techniques. 

The demonstration was conducted 
by the Forestry Commission, Georgia 
Extension Service and the Tennessee 
Valley Authority. A. L. Dyer is 
president of the Club. 




Bob Nelson, Rome Kraft; Ross Bernhard, Hiwassee Land Co.; 4. L. Dyer, Dyer Lumber Co.; A. B. Newby, Dade County 













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1948 


1949 


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1951 


1952 


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1954 


1955 


1956 


1957 


1958 


1959 


1960 


1961 




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Georgians meet 
lire Danger 



Worst 
Since '54 



"Georgia was ready," remarked 
Georgia Forestry Commission Di- 
rector Ray Shirley in commenting on 
the worst fire conditions facing the 
Commission since 1954. 

Shirley said, "Some sections of 
the State had gone from one month to 
a month and a half without rain, 
creating a low moisture content and 
a high burning index. Only through 
the cooperative efforts of Georgia 
citizens and all news media wee we 
able to successfully combat the 
hazardous conditions." 

During the month of October, there 
were 991 wildfires which brought the 
1961 total to 7,071 Add to that 364 
wildfires that have occured during 
the first nine days of November and 
you have the hottest "Indian Summer" 
in Georgia since '54. In that unfor- 
getable year, there were 1,567 in the 
I" month. Through October 
'61 there have been 49,350 forest 

acres destroyed or just under six 



acres per fire. 

However, the 991 blazes only des- 
troyed some 3,250 acres compared to 
the 17,405 acres in '54. The acreage 
lost in this year's October fires is 
only a little less than 3.3 acres per 
fire, almost four acres less than the 
yearly average. 

Countless days of high skies, no 
clouds, appealing to the outdoorsman 
and nature lovers, put Commission 
personnel on a 24-hour schedule. 
Shirley stated that the recentdrought 
conditions have proven the 'salt' of 
the countless number of hours spent 
in training field personnel, making 
known the value of a sound fire pre- 
vention program, along with increas- 
ing aerial fire detection and fire 
fighting equipment. 

During the height of the fire dan- 
ger period, when high winds increas- 
ed chance of forest destruction, the 
Commission supplemented the con- 
stant warnings being put on the 



streets by newspapers and airways 
via radio and TV. Some 3,000 warn- 
ing signs dotted the shoulders of 
Georgia's highways warning motorist 
of the danger of a flicked cigarette 
in the brush instead of the ash tray. 

Nature, in addition to creating a 
fire hazard by day, helped alleviate 
the danger by night. Dying winds, 
heavy dews, and a reservoir of mois- 
ture from excess summer rains as- 
sisted fire fighters in the early stages. 

Debris burners and smokers ran 
one-two in the causes of the October 
wildfires. Hunters were a distant 
third. Debris burning accounted for 
282 fires, smokers, 204; and hunters, 
133; during the 31 "day period, ac- 
cording to the Commission's October 
fire report. The report indicated that 
the western half of the State was the 
most susceptible to fire. District 
Seven, Rome, had 187; District 
Four, Newnan, 149; and District 
two, Camilla, 108. 




Ranger Arthur Woody U. 

"Tell 'em in a few years their 
North Georgia hills will be a para- 
dise. Tell 'em to come on up. ..look 
at the mountains. ..fish the streams... 
make better men of them". 

That's what the late Ranger Arthur 
Woody, pioneer conservationist and 
beloved "old man of the mountains, 
told a reporter for the Sunday Ameri- 
can in 1937. 

This year, they're coming to the 
green, lush mountains of North Geor- 
gia to hunt game in the well-managed 
reservations; they're coming to fish 
in the winding streams and cool 
lakes; they're coming to camp in the 
magnificent state parks; they're 
coming to enjoy the grandeur of the 
vaunted peaks that look down on 
scenery unsurpassed in any other sec- 
tion of the state. 

Georgians and out-of-state visi- 
tors are able to enjoy these aspects 
of a mountain vacation because of the 
long crusade of Woody to improve 
this vast area. He not only fought 
for more effective forest fire preven- 
tion and better wildlife conditions, 
but he was a staunch advocate of 
better roads, schools, churches, 
medical facilities, and recreation. 

Woody was born in the Blue Ridge 
Mountains of Georgia on April 1, 
1884. As a boy, he trapped, hunted 
and fished in every ridge, cove and 
creek within horse-back riding dis- 
tance of his home. 



S. Forest Service photo 

He spent many of his early years 
driving cattle to Atlanta, a 90-mile 
trip which required 10 days. During 
those long trips across the mountain 
trails and down through the flatlands, 
Woody learned to appreciate the 
forests that blanketed much of the 
area. 

At 16 Woody attended North Geor- 
gia College in Dahlonega. He soon 
had his fill of the confinement of 
classrooms, however, and left the 
fine old institution his great grand- 
father had helped found. 

On October 1, 1912, he began work 
for the U. S. Forest Service, starting 
as an axe man on a base-line crew 
and later running compass on land ac- 
quisition projects. He became a 
forest guard in 1915 and in July of 
1918, passed an exam which quali- 
fied him as a U. S. Forest Ranger. 

He was the first ranger of the Blue 
Ridge District of the Georgia National 
Forest, an area now known as the 
Chattachoochee National Forest. 

Ranger Woody knew that game was 
swiftly being depleted in the area by 
careless hunters and he was deter- 
mined to do something about it. He 
campaigned for tighter laws and took 
money out of his pocket to import 
young deer from North Carolina to 
begin a re-population of game. 

In 1940, Woody was instrumental 
in arranging a bow and arrow deer 
hunt in his mountainous area. The 



hunt, the first of its kind in this 
country since the Indians switched 
over to gun powder, resulted in 
Woody having his story and picture 
appear in Time Magazine. 

Back in 1937, Woody told a reporter 
that "My grand daddy came to these 
mountains nearly 100 years ago. 
Built him a cabin and took up farm- 
ing not more than hollerin' distance 
from where Joe Brown, Georgia's 
governor during the Civil War, grew 
up." 

Many of his mountain friends and 
neighbors were living in about the 
same manner as had that ancestor 
before Woody set about improving the 
economic, educational and cultural 
pattern in the granite hills. 

Woody, a 225-pounder, was always 
good for a witty comment. On fight- 
ing forest fires: "In case of a crown 
fire, run like hell and pray for rain." 
On his salary: "I make a thousand 
dollars a day, most of it in scenery." 
On improving the economic status of 
his neighbors: "Put your money in 
mare mules and bottom land." 

With his dreams accomplished, 

Woody retired from the U. S. Forest 
Service in 1945 after 30 years ser- 
vice. He "Sied in June, 1946, at the 
age of 62. Friends and admirers from 
a wide area gathered at the Mt. 
Lebanon Church at Suches for the 
final rites for the man who not only 
made life better for those in his own 
time, but for generations yet unborn. 

In recent years, a bronze plaque 
in honor of Woody was embedded in a 
huge boulder on the North side of 
Black Mountain -- a peak surrounded 
by the almost million acres of forests 
which he so adequately guarded and 
improved during his lifetime. 

Woody's son, Clyne, retired from 
the U. S. Forest Service this year 
after 30 years service. Another son, 
Walter, retired from the service 
several years ago and a grandson, 
Dick Woody, now carries on the tradi- 
tion of the family. He is stationed 
at the Ouachita National Forest in 
Arkansas. 

"...Their North Georgia hills will 
be .a paradise. Tell 'em to come on 
up." said the Ranger. 

They're coming. They're accept- 
ing Woody's invitation and they're 
coming in droves to enjoy the para- 
dise above the clouds. ..the trout 
streams, the lakes, the nature trails, 
the abounding beauty. And, the wind 
in the tall timbers still whispers the 
legend of Ranger Woody. 



■J 4 



w/JL . jj . 



Georgia's Green Wealth 



The vast forests of Georgia today 
offers one of its brightest promises 
for continued industrialization and 
increasing wealth. 

Prior to the arrival of the boll 
weevil and dethronment of King 
Cotton, generations of row crop farm- 
ers abused the forests by cutting, 
burning, and depleting their soil in 
quest for more and better fiber . 
However, Georgia is now green again 
with healthy productive forests sup- 
plying the world as well as the state 
and nation with a variety of essen- 
tial products. 

Today, more than 60,000 persons 
are employed full time in Georgia 
industries turning out a continuous 
stream of pulp, paper, resin, lumber, 
veneer, furniture, poles, railroad tim- 
bers, doors, crates and specialized 
products from the raw forest ma- 
terials. These workers receive 
$250,000,000 annually in wages that 
are pumped into the state's expand- 
ing economy. Industries spend mil- 
lions more for machinery, supplies 
and services. Additional millions 
are funneled into the transportation 
industry for transporting raw forest 
materials and finished products into 
and from the plants. 

Georgia's 24,000,000 productive 
forest acres are responsible for its 
place among the nation's leaders in 
the production of forest products 
valued at over $930,000,000. Geor- 
gia leads all eastern states in the 
production of pulpwood, all southern 
states in the production of southern 
pine lumber, the nation in the number 
of private forest acres under organiz- 
ed fire control and number of planted 
tree seedlings; and the world in the 
production of naval stores. 

As a result of the Georgia Forestry 
Commission's reforestation program, 
the state is presently growing more 
wood than its industries are using. 
Georgians, luring the past five 
years, have reforested some 1,500,- 
000 acres with Commission grown 
seedlings. The millions of acres of 



young trees assure future materials 
for present industries and new ones 
to be established in the years ahead. 

The availability of labor, good 
climate, and the continuous promo- 
tion of the improvement, and expan- 
sion of the forests by the Georgia 
Forestry Commission, U. S. Forest 
Service, Georgia Forest Research 
Council, forest industries and other 
agencies, is luring more industry 
into the state each year. In I960 
more than 40 new wood-using indus- 
tries located in Georgia with indica- 
tions pointing toward greater expan- 
sion in '61. 

Georgia's forests are owned by 
more than 196,000 landowners. Of 
the total acreage more than 90 per- 
cent is privately owned. Small land- 
owners, with tracts less than 5,000 
acres, own 77 percent, with the 
average woodlot about 113 acres. 
Woodland owners with 5,000 acres 
or more represent only 23 percent of 
the total forest acreage. Federal, 
state, and local governments own a 
mere seven percent. 

The value of Georgia's forests, of 
course, are not measured only in the 
quality and volume of forest products. 
The woodlands throughout the state 
provide recreational areas for all 
citizens. Included are game and 
fish preserves, state parks, and other 
areas developed for scenic recrea- 
tion spots. 

Although many landowners, years 
ago, were reluctant to treat their 
forest as a valuable asset, the trend 
has changed radically. They are 
now aware th.it timber brings greater 
profits than all other farm crops com- 
bined. 

Georgia has all the advantages for 
both the timber grower and manufac- 
turer and all those in between who 
benefit from an expanded economy. 
The conditions are ideal for the 
many new wood-using industries 

that will be lured to Georgia because 
of its abundance of rich, green, grow- 
ing forests. 



LITTIRS 



Mr. Ray Shirley, Director 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
Macon, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Shirley: 

We sincerely appreciate the effort put 
forth by you and your personnel, in 
placing an outstanding exhibit in the 
1961 Georgia State Fair. 

From the many favorable comments re- 
ceived, we know that the public was 
well pleased with your display. 

As always, we are grateful for every- 
thing that you contribute toward our 
success. 

Sincerely, 

R. M. Wade, Gen. Mgr. 
Georgia State Fair 



Mr. Frank Craven, Chief 
Information and Education 
Georgia Forestry Commission 
Macon, Georgia 

Dear Frank: 

In the last issue of 'Georgia Forestry', 
you praised several Commission em- 
ployees for outstanding work. One of 
these employees being Ranger Fred 
Baker of the Rome District Office. 
Baker, along with several employees of 
this district came in mighty handy dur- 
ing the storm that struck up here. We 
have had many fine comments from local 
people on the manner these men handled 
themselves and on the work performed. 

Our Civil Defense Unit was set into 
motion on Friday night before the 
storm touched down on the following 
Wednesday. Being newly founded, we 
were at a loss as to how to cope with 
such a disaster. Since that date we 
have over 100 members enrolled in 
various classes of the Unit that are 
required by the State Office. 

Again, it certainly was a good sight to 
see Herman Scoggins, Smokey Bear 
White, Sonny Huggins, C. V. Bramlett 
and members of the other units from this 
area that had received word of the 
storm. 

Sincerely, 

Ralph Clark, Jr., Director 
Civil Defense, Catoosa Co. 

Ranger Robert D. Holland 
Terrell Co. Forestry Unit 
Dawson, Georgia 

Dear Mr. Holland: 

Thanks for the trees you so willingly 
gave to the Yeoman's Community im- 
provement club. They will add much to 
the beauty of our grounds. 

Thank you again for the trees. 

Yours truly, 

Mrs. Jerome Thaxton, Sec. 
Yeoman's Improvement Club 



Logging? the foresters... 




Ray Shirley, director, Georgia Forestry Commission, second from right, wel- 
comes Jim Gillis, Jr., chairman, Georgia Soil Conservation Committee and 
the SCS to the Georgia Forestry Center. Committee members are, L-R, Fred 
Statham, Americus; Cecil Chapman, advisory committee, Athens; David 
Kistner, Loganville,; Gillis; Clarence Higginhotham, Royston; Shirley; and 
LJmar Franklin, Marietta. 

FESTIVAL. ..James Henson, Eighth 
District forester, Waycross, has been 
named chairman of the 1962 Ware 
County Forest Festival. Noel Mil- 
ler, vice-president-cashier, Southern 
Bank, and James Cumbie, represent- 
ative, Union Bag-Camp Paper Corp., 
are co-chairmen for the event. R. T. 
Kirkland, Ware County ranger, is 
serving on the exhibits committee. 
The festival is expected to attract 
over 1,000 persons. 

MEMORIAM... A former Murray County 
Forest Ranger William J. Jackson, 
70, passed away Sept. 1, 1961 . 
Jackson came with the Georgia 
Forestry Commission in 1946. He 
retired in July 1957. Prior to his 
service with the Commission, he 
worked for several years with the 
Soil Conservation Service. A far- 
mer most of his life, Jackson served 
with the 82nd Div. in France during 
World War I. Jackson was a man of 
sterling character serving well in 
all capacities of duty and was res- 
pected by all who knew him. He is 
survived by his wife the former Macie 
Holcomb. 

CONGRATULATIONS ... Lindsay 
Grace, a member of the Wayne Coun- 
ty Forestry Board and one of the 
directors of ATFA, has been named 
"Outstanding Citizen of the Year" 
by the Wayne County Chamber of 
Commerce. The award was made to 
the farmer and civic leader at the 
annual banquet of the chamber in 

the Cracker Williams Park recrea- 
tion center. 



MEMORIUM... George Washington Boggs, 
73, who retired in 1955 after 19 years of 
service as Floyd County Forest Ranger, 
died Nov. 5- 

Boggs, a farmer before he became 
ranger in Floyd County, is survived by 
his wife, Bessie Smantha Green Boggs 
of Rome, two sons and five daughters. 

RESCUE.. .A car radio, a sharp eye, 
and a Georgia Forestry Commission 
ranger led to the rescue of John Wade, 
69, a Bleckley Countian. Wade, re- 
cently lost in a swamp between 
Tarversville and Bullard, heard over 
his car radio that searchers were try- 
ing to locate him. Wade built a fire 
which was spotted by Lamar McFar- 
land. McFarland notified Twiggs 

County Forest Ranger Harold Watkins 
who went to the spot and found Wade. 
Wade, a semi-cripple was stranded 
when his car became stuck. 




Recently some 44 Middle Georgia 
businessmen, city and county offi- 
cials were given an air tour of soil 
and water conservation practices in 
Middle Georgia. The tour included 
the proposed Tobesofkee Watershed 
area. The tour was sponsored by 
the Ocmulgee Soil Conservation Dis- 
trict, Macon Chamber of Commerce 
Farmers Club, and Delta Airlines. 
Photo by SCS. 



AWARD.. .A $300 incentive award for 
outstanding accomplishments has 
been presented to Frank A. Bennett. 
Bennett is project leader, Forest 
Management Research, Macon Re- 
search Center, Cordele. Joseph F. 
Pechanec, director, Southeastern 
Forest Experiment Station, Ashe- 
ville, N. C, said Bennett's leader- 
ship has resulted in high quality re- 
search work contributing materially 
to the advancement of forest manage- 
ment in the Southeast. 



~2t * 




Assistant District Forester Jimmy 
McElhannon, Georgia Forestry Com- 
mission, Gainesville, gives tree 
measuring instruction to 4-H Club 
members Angelyn Childers, Spalding 
Co., left, and Sara McBride, Burke 
Co. McElhannon was an instructor 
at the North Georgia 4-H Forestry 
Camp at Camp Wahsega near Dah- 
lonega. The camp ivt 
for the 11 th year, 
Telephone and Teffegr'apk_ 




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